Family law is the area of the law that deals with one of the most central and personal aspects of society–the family. If you are considering a career in family law, the significance of this area of law might be one thing that attracted you to the area. Family law deals with what are highly emotional issues objectively and legally. Despite the strength of emotion involved in many family law cases, justice must still be served to each party.


  • Marriage is a time for celebration, and one of the more positive aspects of practicing family law. Couples may seek legal counsel prior to their marriage to discuss their assets as well as what would happen in the event of a divorce. If a married couple wants to negotiate some terms of an eventual divorce before marriage, this is a prenuptial agreement. If they discuss the way their assets will be handled in the event of a divorce after they are married, it is called a postnuptial agreement. Legally, these agreements protect both parties and prevent (potential) later negotiations. They can also give each member of the couple peace of mind, knowing that even if there were harsh feelings between the couple, each would still be treated fairly by the other. While getting a prenuptial agreement might come off as cryptic or negative, it can actually increase trust in the relationship and lessen fears of divorce.


  • Divorce is the legal end of a marriage. Family lawyers have to deal with people when they are in one of the worst situations they have ever encountered. Emotions can run very high, and the reasons for divorce may be conflicting between the members of the couple. Part of family law is mediating the couple and helping them deal with their emotions so that a rational and just end to the marriage can be brought about.

Child Custody and Support

  • In the case of a divorce, or in the event of any abuse or mistreatment of the children, child custody may need to be negotiated. Family law is important to the lives of many children whose fates are decided by the legal system. Family law is also the area of law that makes sure child support is paid by the obliged parent. Child support may be paid by a parent that has shared custody of the child or by a parent that has no custody rights to the custodial parent. Child support and child custody can be included, but cannot be officially negotiated under the terms of a prenuptial or postnuptial agreement because the court has the ultimate decision in this matter. The court can take the document into consideration but is not legally required to follow the agreement as to child custody and support.


Child Advocacy

  • In some cases, family lawyers may have to represent children in court who have been abused or neglected by their parent or guardian. Some family lawyers may specialize in child advocacy. Such attorneys may work as public defenders, in human services agencies or public policy, for example. Family lawyers have the opportunity to use their knowledge of the law and child advocacy to publish research in the area of children’s law and even influence the law.


  • In the case of a divorce or under the terms of a prenuptial or postnuptial agreement, the assets of the two people involved in the dispute or negotiation may be divided. Family lawyers must work with both people in a fair and just manner and divide the assets legally and justly.


Stephen Tumaini Mduma
Chief Executive Officer
P.O.BOX 12027
Dar es Salaam
+255 713 00 00 96
Webpage. http://www.facebook.com/pages/Semko-Consultants-LTD/156975847746848



Tanzanian Minister responsible for Tourism, Mr Khamis Kagasheki

Arusha – A few days after a grisly attack and killing of a Dutch tourist outside Tanzania’s famous Serengeti National Park in the northern tourist circuit, scores of suspects have been arrested in connection with the incident, some in possession of items stolen from the tourists.

The Tanzanian Minister responsible for Tourism, Mr. Khamis Kagasheki, confirmed that the suspects, including a foreign national, were arrested a few days after the incident during a heavily-equipped police surveillance in the Serengeti area.

Mr. Kagasheki said the Tanzanian police units and other security agents have been deployed in the area, and key suspects are being held in connection with this grisly tourist attack.

He said the suspect killers will be booked to face the courts of law, while stringent measures will be taken to protect tourists visiting Tanzania against any sort of banditry.

Several items stolen from the killed tourists and others booked at the Moivaro Lodge were recovered by Tanzanian police. Two key suspect robbers are being interrogated by the police, while two guns believed to be used in this horrific attack were recovered from the robbers.

Three computer units, five pairs of shoes, four photographic cameras, mobile phones, a television decoder, and other travel items were recovered from the suspects, now under intensive police interrogation.

He said such an attack and killing of a tourist who was on safari in Tanzania was a rare incident and an unfortunate one which took his ministry by great shock, taking into reality that Tanzania has been a peaceful tourist destination.

Last week’s killing of a Dutch tourist is the first killing of a tourist in the famous and most visited northern Tanzania circuit. Media and travel fraternity sources indicate that there were isolated cases in areas outside Ngorongoro Conservation Area where tourists were mugged of their travel items, but no single killing was reported to hit a tourist.

Mr. Kagasheki said his ministry (tourism) is working closely with the Internal Affairs Ministry to ensure that such an attack will not happen again, while security in all tourist facilities and visiting sites remain stable, to ensure safety to holiday makers on visit in Tanzania.

Security has been beefed up in tourist hot spots, both inside the wildlife parks and outside, in villages where park rangers are not deployed.

The 57-year-old Dutch tourist, Eric Brewelmans, was killed in an armed robbery on a holiday in Rubanda Village, outside Africa’s famous Serengeti National Park. With the tourist, a lodge manager, Renatus Bernard, was also killed in the incident and about 40 of the lodge’s guests lost all their belongings.

A special police operations team was immediately dispatched to areas neighboring Serengeti National Park to hunt the killers, in collaboration with other security operatives.

Tourist and travel stakeholders have expressed their shock over the recent attack, fearing to lose their booming business at this time when most holidaymakers from key market sources of Europe are contemplating about the future of the Euro zone crisis.

Endowed with rich tourist attractions, Tanzania had targeted to attract a million tourists before 2015, raising the current figure of 867,994 tourists today, and who had generated a revenue of US$1.3 billion to date.

Said the ministry, a strong member of the East Africa Community (EAC) and the Regional Tourism Association of southern Africa (RETOSA), Tanzania remains a peaceful African destination with no tourist threats or security risks to foreign holidaymakers.


Scott Gration Kenya ambassador. Scott Gration talks with Barack Obama

US ambassador Scott Gration’s quiet diplomacy has cost him his job after bosses in Washington decided that the Nairobi station had suddenly become too quiet.

Mr Gration, a retired Air Force major-general, had stayed in Nairobi for only a year when his tour of duty was cut short.

The Nairobi embassy was recently evaluated by a team from Washington under a programme carried out every five years.

The assessment in May by officials from the Office of the Inspector-General measured the embassy on the three “Ds” — Democracy, Defence and Development.

Staff interviewed for this story believe the mission, one of the largest in Africa, scored poorly on democracy and defence.

He will leave his diplomatic posting at the end of next month.

Mr Gration came to Nairobi promising a different style of diplomacy from that of his predecessors.

He replaced Mr Michael Ranneberger, whose five-year tenure was characterised by major clashes with the Kibaki administration.

Even in diplomatic circles, Mr Ranneberger had a reputation for stealing the limelight during joint news conferences.

This style proved embarrassing for the ambassador when diplomatic cables were leaked through WikiLeaks and it emerged the station had dispatched unsavoury comments about top Kenyan politicians, including some thought to be close to the embassy.

The ambassador’s boss in Washington, Mr Johnny Carson, is a former ambassador in Nairobi.

Mr Gration, who grew up partly in Kenya, promised to adopt a more behind-the-scenes approach to his work, coming out in the open only when this failed.

True to his pledge, Mr Gration did not adopt the activist style of some of his predecessors. His style also contrasted with that of NGOs and lobbyists who wanted a more activist role for Washington’s representative in Nairobi.

Despite this, the ambassador still found himself in trouble with authorities when the government complained about Washington’s travel advisories on Kenya.

Just last week, the embassy issued a warning to American citizens to leave Mombasa because of a pending terrorist attack.

The government complained that the advisory was unnecessary and would hurt tourism.

The acting head of the Civil Service, Mr Francis Kimemiah, said Kenya’s security agencies had alerted the Americans over the threats, with agreement that no travel advisories would be issued.

“They (US embassy in Nairobi and State Department in Washington) work together. We cannot issue anything without the State Department approving the statement and the wording,” said the embassy spokesperson Katya Thomas.

Mr Gration said he submitted his resignation letters on Monday to his masters in Washington, who were not satisfied with his way of leading America’s interests in the country.

The letters were submitted to President Barack Obama and Secretary of State Hillary Clinton.

Even though Mr Gration had deep roots in Kenya, he said he was not ready to play along the lines of leadership and priority setting that were being expected by the Obama administration.

“However, differences with Washington regarding my leadership style and certain priorities lead me to believe that it’s now time to leave. 

“Accordingly, I submitted my notice of resignation last Monday to the Secretary of State and to the President of the United States of America, to be effective as of 28 July 2012,” he said in a statement released by the US embassy in Nairobi.

Mr Gration started his tour of duty in May 2011, three months after President Obama had nominated him to the position that was left vacant by Mr Ranneberger. He was confirmed by the US Senate on April 14 and five days later took oath of office.

He served as a national security adviser to the Obama presidential campaign and was named a special envoy to Sudan in March 2009. He served until April 2011 when he hopped across the border to Nairobi.

His nomination, however, was opposed by some Darfur-focused activist groups in the US such as Stop Genocide Now, who accused Mr Gration of being ineffective as special envoy to Sudan.

They claimed he repeatedly made serious judgmental errors, failed to boldly articulate a range of issues and alienated politicians, rebel leaders and humanitarian aid providers in Darfur.

They warned that Kenya being a platform for the US’ fight against terrorism in the region, the weaknesses he had displayed in Darfur showed he would not ably lead America’s embassy in Nairobi.

Mr Gration won over the Senate given that he is a fluent Kiswahili speaker raised partly in Kenya by US missionary parents, and was seen as being well-acquainted with a country where he also trained Kenyan Air Force pilots and worked on development projects in the 1990s.

During vetting in the US Senate, he introduced his wife, Judy, who, he said, “was born in Nairobi and spent her childhood in Kenya, where both of her parents are buried”.

Speaking of his time in Nairobi, Mr Gration described it as “his a dream job for my wife and me. 

This assignment has been the perfect opportunity to use my deep-rooted knowledge of Kenya — its people, its language, and its culture — and my diplomatic, development, security, and humanitarian experience”.

He bade farewell to Kenyans, wishing them success in the implementation of the Constitution, a peaceful election next year and establishment of a devolved system of government.

“Judy and I have been extremely honoured to lead Team Kenya, and we wish all of you the very best as Kenya implements its constitutional reforms, holds elections next year, and proceeds with the devolution of political and economic power,” he said.

Style of leadership

Mr Gration was perhaps undone by the style of leadership of his predecessors, among them Mr Ranneberger, Mr Michael Bellamy, Mr Carson, Ms Prudence Bushnell, Ms Aurelia Brazeal and Mr Smith Hempstone.

On Friday, Justice minister Eugene Wamalwa, who he worked closely in raising youth empowerment to the chagrin of the government, said: “We worked with Ranneberger more on youth empowerment than the current ambassador but we were going to enjoy working with him.

“Of course, Ranneberger was more outgoing, outspoken and daring without keeping grudges. Mr Gration was more reserved in his approach.”

However, he said the outgoing US envoy was supportive of constitutional reforms and urged President Obama to swiftly appoint a new ambassador as the country heads to elections.

“We enjoyed very very cordial relations with the ambassador on reforms. He was very supportive,” he said.




































Make up done by Edna Ndibalema of Ndibs Style and Ria assisted by Irene and Edith Ndibalema. All girls are styled by Missie Popular and Clothes from Ria Boutique



The Speaker of Parliament Rebecca Kadaga is furious with Uganda President

  • True or imaginary? Sources say numerous poison attempts aimed at killing the Speaker have been foiled and the matter has been reported to President Museveni, including a plan last week to shove her off the road in a motor accident on the Kampala-Jinja Highway.

Government, Police and the NRM party have expressed ignorance at reports that Speaker Rebecca Kadaga’s life is in danger.

They, however, said if such a plan were true, it would be unfortunate and uncalled for.

Speaking to Saturday Monitor both the NRM deputy Chief Whip, David Bahati, and the Police Spokesman, Asuman Mugenyi, said they were hearing the allegations for the first time. However, well-placed sources have told this newspaper that numerous poison attempts aimed at killing the Speaker have been foiled and the matter has been reported to President Museveni.

According to this source, on Saturday June 23, some people had hatched a plan to assassinate the Speaker on the Kampala-Jinja highway as she returned from her constituency in Kamuli District.

“There were heavy wide-load vehicles waiting along the Jinja-Kampala highway to cause a ‘mishap’. This mishap would be blamed on reckless driving,” the source said.

“Security was alerted to expect anything as they drove back from Kamuli that day. ”

Recently, Aruu County MP Odonga Otto demanded assurance from the minister of Internal Affairs that the Speaker’s life is safe.

Mr Odonga’s wanted the government to offer an explanation following recent attacks on the Speaker and Premier Amama Mbabazi by the President over the fracas surrounding the election of the new Speaker of the East African Legislative Assembly.

Junior Internal Affairs Minister, Jame Baba, however told the House that the Speaker is safe and he has never received reports from her office that her life is in danger.

Details given to this newspaper indicate that when Ms Kadaga received credible information that her life was at risks she immediately reported the matter to President Museveni.


Mr Museveni recently held meetings of top NRM leaders including Ms Kadaga and Mr Mbabazi as he sought to defuse internal tensions of his party.

NRM spokesperson Ofwono Opondo dismissed the assassination claims. “I am not aware that Kadaga has internal enemies because she is doing a good job as the Speaker and as the national vice chairperson of the party. It is not a practice of NRM to eliminate opponents through assassination,” he said.

Government spokesperson Mary Karooro Okurut said government is not aware of any attempts against the Speaker’s life and advised this newspaper to get in touch with the police and the Speaker herself.


Ever since taking over as the Speakership, Ms Kadaga has been understood to be a fearsome and independent-minded Speaker; allowing free debate, and fighting for transparency and accountability.

Our sources say the source of the threats against the Speaker’s life stem from unconfirmed reports that she intends to stand as president in 2016.

However, on Wednesday, the Speaker, through her publicist, Ms Ranny Ismail, dismissed claims that she is fighting for the country’s presidency.

Repeated efforts to get the Speaker’s comments on the death threat claims proved futile as she was reportedly attending to several official matters.


Dr Stephen Ulimboka in intensive care at Muhimbili Orthopaedic Institute yesterday after he was kidnapped, tortured and dumped on the outskirts of Dar es Salaam on Wednesday PHOTO FIDELIS FELIX

DAR ES SALAAM, Muhimbili doctors mounted tight security to protect Dr Stephen Ulimboka from unwanted guests. The hospital’s public relations officer, Mr Almas Jumaa, said the doctors had arranged a schedule that would allow only important relatives and friends to visit Dr Ulimboka.

In another development, civil society organisations called yesterday for international investigations into the kidnapping and torture.  

They raised questions over the quality of investigations into the case that could be expected from local police.

Local investigators could be intimidated and only international and independent would resolve “this puzzle” without fear or favour, said Ms Ananilea Nkya, executive director of the Tanzania Media Women’s Association (Tamwa).

Over at the Legal and Human Rights Centre (LHRC), Executive Director Hellen Kijo-Bisimba echoed these sentiments, and added:  “For the time being, we are speculating that the government machinery has a hand in the matter.” 

But the Police Force Commissioner for Operations, Mr Paul Chagonja, said the police were ready to engage private investigators if need be. The public should remain calm, he told The Citizen, and allow police to establish the truth.

Mr Chagonja denied reports that police were involved in the kidnapping. “The mistrust of the police that the public could have could be cleared by engaging private investigators,” said the commissioner.

“It’s unfair to come to the conclusion that the state machinery has been directly involved…. Dr Ulimboka has his personal life like other civilians, but we should not target anybody for the time being until it has been proven by the investigation.” 

Meanwhile, medical services continued to deteriorate yesterday at Muhimbili, the country’s leading referral facility, as doctors downed their tools and waited for news of Dr Ulimboka’s progress. Only emergency patients were attended while the operating theatre and the private clinics were closed.


Waziri Mkuu, Mizengo Pinda

WAZIRI Mkuu Mizengo Pinda , amesema tukio la kupigwa kwa Mwenyekiti wa Jumuiya ya Madaktari Dk Stephen Ulimboka, lina utata na kuongeza kuwa uchunguzi utakaofanywa na vyombo vya usalama ndio utakao maliza utata huo.

Pinda aliyasema hayo Ijumaa Juni 29, 2012 bungeni alipokuwa akijibu swali lililoulizwa na Kiongozi wa Kambi ya Upinzani Bungeni Freeman Mbowe (CHADEMA), ambaye alitaka kujua hatua ya serikali ya kutotoa tamko wakati juzi alitoa kauli nzito ya ‘liwalo na liwe’ kuhusu mgomo wa madaktari na kuibua hofu kubwa kwa wananchi, serikali inalieleza nini taifa kuhusu hali hiyo na inafanya nini kumaliza mgomo huo katika kipindi cha maswali ya papo kwa papo.

Akijibu swali hilo, Pinda kwanza alikiri kuahidi kutoa tamko la serikali akitumia neno la “liwalo na liwe’, lakini akadai kuwa serikali haitaweza kutoa tamko hilo tena baada ya kupata ushauri wa kisheria kwa kuwa jambo hilo liko mahakamani.

“Kwa bahati mbaya sana kauli yangu ya ‘liwalo na liwe’ imetafsiriwa kwa namna tofauti. Hata dada yangu Halima Mdee nilimsikia akitilia shaka kauli hiyo na kuhusisha na tukio la kutekwa kwa Dk. Ulimboka.

“Nilichoaminisha ni kwamba hili jambo liko mahakamani, lakini tungetolea tamko la serikali bila kujali kwamba suala hilo liko mahakamani; ndiyo maana nikasema liwalo na liwe.’

Alisema baada ya mashauriano na wataalamu wa serikali jana usiku waliona si vyema kuendelea na tamko hilo hadi kesi iliyopo mahakamani itakapomalizika.

Kuhusu tukio la kutekwa, kupigwa kwa Ulimboka, Waziri Mkuu Pinda alisema serikali imeguswa na kushtushwa na tukio hilo, na akadai kuwa amesikitishwa na kuwepo kwa taarifa zinazoituhumu serikali kuhusika na unyama huo.

“Mazingira ya tukio hili bado yana utata mwingi, yanahitaji uchunguzi wa kina, kila mtu anasema lake, mwingine hili na wengine wanasema Serikali ndiyo imehusika,” alisema na kuongeza:

“Mimi nasema kama ni Serikali basi tutakuwa ni watu wa ajabu sana, Serikali tufanye ili iweje.”

Baada ya maelezo hayo, Mnadhimu Mkuu wa Kambi ya Upinzani Tundu Lisu, alimuuliza Pinda kwa nini asiwajibike katika suala la mgomo wa madaktari kwani ni yeye amekuwa akilishughulikia kwa muda na halionekani kupata ufumbuzi.

Baada ya swali hilo, Pinda alisema kuwa, yapo mazingira yanayoweza kumlazimu kuwajibika lakini siyo, haya ya mgomo wa madaktari kwani amejaribu kwa kiasi kikubwa kutafuta ufumbuzi wa suala hilo.

“Yapo mazingira yanayoweza kunifanya nijiuzulu, lakini hili la madaktari nimejaribu kwa uwezo wangu, lakini be what it is (kwa jinsi lilivyo), kuna changamoto nyingi katika suala hili,” alisema Pinda.

Baada ya majibu hayo, Lisu alipewa nafasi ya kuuliza swali la nyongeza na kusema “If you have tried your very best and you failed, why don’t you resign?” (kama umejaribu kufanya kila linalowezekana ukashindwa, kwa nini usijiuzulu??)

Baada ya swali hilo, Spika Anne Makinda alimtaka Waziri Mkuu kutojibu swali hilo la nyongeza kwa maelezo kuwa, linafanana na swali la msingi.

Hata baada ya maelezo ya Spika, Waziri Mkuu alijibu kwa kumueleza Lisu kuwa, anamuheshimu sana lakini lugha aliyotumia katika kuuliza swali lake siyo nzuri.

Mbunge Mwingine aliyezungumzia suala hilo ni Martha Mlata, aliyesema kuna uvumi kuwa, kuna watu wanawapa baadhi ya madaktari fedha ili wahamasishe wenzao kugoma.

Alisema kuwa, lengo la kikundi hicho ambacho hakukitaja, ni nchi isitawalike.

Akijibu swali hilo, Pinda alisema na wao (Serikali) wamesikia uvumi huo na wameviagiza vyombo vya usalama vilifanyie uchunguzi.


DAR ES SALAAM. After months of waiting organisers yesterday finally unveiled the 11th edition of the Serengeti Fiesta extravaganza. In a surprise move this year the season that has been christened ‘Muonekao Tofauti, Burdani ile ile, Baaaas’ will offer fans a chance to win prizes .

The prizes include six Toyota Vitz saloon cars, 10 motorbikes, 50 Blackberry phones, and many other prizes.

According to joint press release by both Clouds Media and Serengeti Breweries the prizes will be worth Sh150 million. According to organisers there will also be other prizes such as T-Shirts  and cash prizes to be won during the two-month experience.

The new season that is set to take the musical experience to 11 regions will feature the pre-events which includes Dance La Fiesta, soccer bonanza, Free Style contest and Serengeti Super Nyota.

The first event according to the timetable released will kick off this weekend in Mbeya and conclude in Dar es Salaam on July 17.

The main event will kick off on August 24 in Moshi where according to unconfirmed reports a major international artiste is expected to kick start the season.



Dear all,

Thank you very much for your kind support in this.

I would like to bring to your attention that we had a meeting this afternoon between myself and a team of specialist to discuss modalities of collecting contributions.

In order to efficiently coordinate contributions it was agreed to use m-pesa agent number 31915 belonging to Christine Hobokela and and tigo pesa agent number 05416 belonging to Hedaya Stephen Mwaitenda.

For those who want to send foreign currency (USD) please send to Dr. Hobokela Stephen, Stanbic Bank Tanzania Limited Account number: 024003849360, SWIFT CODE: SBICTZTX

The reason I’m sending this is because I have been asked several times to clarify on this and after consuling with MAT president, he advised me to provide this clarification.

Below are some steps on how to send money to m-pesa and tigo pesa:

M-pesa1. piga *150# OK
2.Chagua 2, toa pesa.
3.Ingiza namba ya wakala ambayo ni 31915
3.Weka kiasi cha pesa unachotaka kuchangia mfano tsh50000
4.Weka nambari ya siri – namba yako ya siri
5. Bonyeza 1 kuthibitisha muamalaUtapata ujumbe kuwa mefanikiwa kutoa pesa kwa Christine Hobokela
Tigo pesa1. piga *150*01# OK
2.Chagua 3, kutoa pesa.
3.Ingiza namba ya wakala ambayo ni 05416
3.Weka kiasi cha pesa unachotaka kuchangia mfano tsh50000
4.Weka nambari ya siri – namba yako ya siri
5. Bonyeza 1 kuthibitisha muamalaUtapata ujumbe kuwa umefanikiwa kutoa pesa kwa Hedaya Mwaitenda

Once again we thank you very much for your support.

Dr. Hobokela Stephen


Dr Stephen Ulimboka in intensive care at Muhimbili Orthopaedic Institute yesterday after he was kidnapped, tortured and dumped on the outskirts of Dar es Salaam on Wednesday PHOTO FIDELIS FELIX

Hali ya afya ya Mwenyekiti wa Jumuiya ya Madaktari nchini Dk. Steven Ulimboka inaendelea kuimarika licha ya maumivu makali yanayomkabili.

Akizungumza kwa taabu kwenye chumba cha wagonjwa mahututi kwenye Kitengo cha Mifupa (MOI) Dk. Ulimboka alisema, “Namshukuru Mungu naendelea vizuri tofauti na nilivyofikishwa hapa bado nina maumivu makali naomba kama kuna watu wanataka kuja kuniona wasije ili nipumzike,” alisema.

Awali Ofisa Uhusiano wa MOI Jumaa Almas alisema hali ya Dk. Ulimboka inaendelea vizuri tofauti na alivyoletwa kwa kuwa sasa ana uwezo wa kutambua watu wanaofika kumjulia hali na kuzungumza kidogo.

 “Kwa sasa hali yake ni nzuri na yuko chini ya uangalizi wa jopo la madaktari linaloongozwa na Professa Joseph Kahamba,” alisema.

Kuhusu mgomo katika kitengo hicho Almas alisema ni huduma za dharura pekee zinazotolewa huku zile za kawaida zikiwa hazifanyiki kabisa.

Dk. Ulimboka alifikishwa hospitalini hapo baada ya kutekwa na watu wasiojulikana kisha kumpiga,na kujeruhiwa sehemu mbalimbali za mwili wake na kutupwa kwenye msitu wa Pande, nje kidogo ya jiji la Dar es Salaam.

Mwenyekiti huyo ambaye amekuwa akiratibu mgomo wa madaktari unaoendelea, aliokotwa na msamaria mwema akiwa amefungwa mikono akiwa amejeruhiwa vibaya.


Katibu wa RAAWU Kanda ya Ziwa, Ramadhan Mwendwa

MWANZA, Chama cha Wafanyakazi wa Taasisi ya Elimu ya Juu, Sayansi, Teknolojia, Habari na Utafiti nchini (RAAWU), Kanda ya Ziwa, kimelaani vikali kitendo cha kinyama cha kupigwa na kuumizwa vibaya, alichofanyiwa Dk. Steven Ulimboka, na kuelekeza tuhuma hizo kwa serikali.

RAAWU imesema, ushahidi wa mazingira unaonyesha dhahiri kwamba serikali imehusika kwa namna moja au nyingine kumdhuru kiongozi huyo wa madaktari nchini, ikiwa ni lengo la kutaka kuzima mgomo wa madaktari unaoendelea katika kudai maslahi na huduma bora ya matibabu kwa Watanzania.

Katibu wa RAAWU Kanda ya Ziwa, Ramadhan Mwendwa, amesema kuwa kuna haja ya serikali kujisafisha kwa sababu mazingira ya tukio hilo yanaiweka katika hali ya kutuhumiwa.

Mwendwa ambaye pia ni Katibu wa Shirikisho la Vyama vya Wafanyakazi Nchini (TUCTA), Mkoa wa Mwanza, alizidi kudai kuwa manyanyaso na ukandamizwaji mkubwa unaofanywa na serikali vinaonyesha wazi kwamba viongozi wa Tanzania wanawapeleka wananchi wao katika machafuko.

“Tusifike huko kama nchi nyingine zinavyopigana. Viongozi wa wafanyakazi tuweni wamoja na wafanyakazi wote katika kutetea maslahi ya taifa. Tusirudi nyuma,” alisema Mwendwa.


Prime Minister Mizengo Pinda

DODOMA. Prime Minister Mizengo Pinda Friday June 29, 2012 clarified his Wednesday June 27, 2012 morning’s “come what may” remark in Parliament in connection with the ongoing strike of medical doctors.

Mr Pinda said he was referring to a legal complication when commenting about the strike because the matter was in court. The Premier promised that the government would issue a statement on the doctors’ strike “come what may.”

The promise could, however, not be implemented reportedly for fear that the executive would interfere with the Judiciary.   

“There might be several interpretations, but this is what I really meant,” said Mr Pinda, adding that the government was also concerned with what has befallen the interim leader of the doctors’ association, Dr Stephen Ulimboka.

He was responding to an impromptu question from the Leader of the Official Opposition, Mr Freeman Mbowe, over a widespread interpretation resulting from the statement including the insinuation that government operatives had assaulted Dr Ulimboka.

Mr Pinda said the government was also shocked by reports of the assault on Dr Ulimboka, since it had been negotiating with him on the doctors’ demands.

In addition to what Home Affairs Minister Emmanuel Nchimbi told the press late on Wednesday June 27, 2012 Mr Pinda said:

“It would be very strange for the government to harm a person with whom it has been in talks.”  Refusing to withdraw his statement as requested by Mr Mbowe, Mr Pinda reiterated that the government would thoroughly expedite investigations on Dr Ulimboka’s assault.

In the meantime, Mr Pinda said the government was mobilising doctors from the Tanzania People’s Defence Forces (TPDF) to render services in public medical facilities.

He said another option was to temporarily recruit retired doctors, a move that the government applied during the doctors’ strike in January which proved futile.

The TPDF health officials and the retired doctors could not cope with the influx of patients in the country’s public health facilities, including the Muhimbili National Hospital.


Dar es Salaam International Trade Fair

DAR ES SALAAM. The 36th Dar es Salaam International Trade Fair launched by the Tanzania Trade Development Authority (TanTrade) Thusday June 28, 2012 has shown that many companies, local and foreners, have done enough preparations for setting pavilions to exhibit their commodities.

These ranged from clothing materials, foot-ware, computer accessories, electric and electronic equipment, building materials to various forms of cellphones and automobile spare parts.

The famous Kikwete ground, which was occupied by the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare last year, is now occupied by Chinese dealers who have erected over 50 pavilions, according to the survey.  Rwandan dealers have specialised in setting pavilions of handicraft products made in Rwanda.

Further observation indicated that this year’s trade fair has not attracted many public and government institutions as in previous years.

In an interview, the acting director general of TanTrade, Mr Samuel Mvingira, said the Chinese had fielded more than 20 companies.

While the Chinese had been scrambling for space, Tanzanians did not show up in big numbers, including private and public institutions, he said.

The TanTrade acting director general said the head of state from Lesotho, Mr Thomas Thabane. is expected to officially open the fair next Tuesday.

According to him, Chinese exhibitors have a special Chinese exhibition week starting on Sunday (July 1) to Wednesday. This indicated that they have taken an aggressive approach in marketing Chinese products, he said.  He called upon Tanzanians at the fair to exhibit their products and learn various skills and experiences in processing products.

The fair was a significant tool for raising awareness and educating people on how to embark on entrepreneurship for economic empowerment, he said.

Speaking recently at the TanTrade office at the Mwalimu Nyerere Trade fair grounds, the representative of Chinese trade fair programmes, brands of China African showcase, 2012, Mr Liu Zhiyong, said the Chinese government had decided to launch such a  programme in order to promote China-Africa trade relations.

“The fair was jointly organised by the Ministry of Commerce of the People’s Republic of China, the governments of Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Guangdong Provinces. The brands of China Africa showcase will be held for five days from the July 1 to 5, Mr Zhiyong said.

According to him, the Chinese exhibition will cover an area of 2,600 square metres. It will have, 150 standard booths and 110 exhibitors from eight Chinese provinces or autonomous regions.

“Based on the product categories of exhibitors, the African showcase is divided into four exhibition zones. These will have machinery, vehicles, electronic equipment, home appliances, electronic, solar energy and related products, consumer goods, hardware, construction materials, chemicals, healthcare and comprehensive products,” said the representative of Chinese dealers.

African showcase 2012 provides a broad stage for Chinese brands to showcase themselves to Africa. According to him, they enable Africans to gain a deeper knowledge of the Chinese brand.

Last year’s 35th Dar es Salaam International Trade Fair attracted a record of over 1,300 local and foreign companies from 17 countries.

Officially opened by President Jakaya Kikwete, it also attracted 28 private companies from various countries without being dominated by a single foreign country.




Madaktari wote hatuna imani na tume iliyoundwa na Jeshi la polisi nchini yenye lengo la kuendesha uchunguzi juu ya kutekwa, kunyanyaswa na kupigwa vibaya kwa Dr. Ulimboka Stephen na tunataka chombo huru kiundwe ili kupata ukweli wa tukio hilo.

Pia tunakemea na kuonya juu ya vitisho vyote vinavyotolewa na baadhi ya watawala katika taasisi mbalimbali dhidi ya madaktari mfano Hospitali ya Rufaa ya Dodoma, Bugando, Mbeya na kwingineko ambapo wametishwa na kufukuzwa kwa kutumia mabavu.

Madaktari tunazidi kusisitiza kuwa hakuna njia nyingine yeyote ya kusuluhisha mgogoro huu isipokuwa ni kwa kutekeleza madai na hoja za msingi za madaktari kwa njia ya mazungumzo ya dhati.

Madaktari tumechoka kuona huduma za afya nchini zikizidi kudorora mwaka hadi mwaka ,

Tumechoka kuona wagonjwa wakilala chini na watoto wakilala wanne katika kitanda kimoja

Tumechoka kuona msongamano mkubwa kwa wagonjwa katika hospitali zetu huku kukiwa hakuna mpango wowote wa uboreshaji.

Tumechoka kuona wagonjwa wakikosa dawa, vipimo sahihi na watumishi wa afya wakifanya kazi katika mazingira magumu yanayoviza ubora wa huduma na misingi ya taaluma.

Kwa hiyo, kwa moyo wetu leo tumejitolea kutetea uboreshaji wa sekta ya afya licha ya vitisho tunavyoendelea kuvipata.

Rai kwa Madaktari; Madaktari wote kuwa watulivu katika kipindi hiki kigumu, tunashukuru madaktari wote kwa ushirikiano na kuendelea na mshikamano.


Imetolewa na 
Kamati ya Jumuiya ya Madaktari.






Tukiwa bado katika hali ya sintofahamu kutokana na ugumu wa maisha pamoja na kukosa uhakika wa matibabu tumekumbwa na mshituko mkubwa baada ya kupokea taarifa za matumizi ya nguvu kwa kile kinachodaiwa kuwa ni kuzima hoja au udhaifu wa serikali katika kutatua matatizo ya wananchi.

Mambo kama hayo ni mageni kwa watanzania na tumezoea kuyasikia yakitokea kwenye nchi za kidikteta na zile zinazoongozwa  kiimla.

Tukio la hivi karibuni ni lile la watu wasiojulikana, Jumanne Juni 26, 2012 usiku kumteka, kumpiga, kuvunjwa meno kadhaa, mbavu na miguu ikiwamo kuumizwa sehemu za siri na kumjeruhi vibaya Mwenyekiti wa Jumuiya ya Madaktari, Dk. Steven Ulimboka, kisha kumtupa katika Msitu wa Pande, nje kidogo ya jiji Dar es Salaam.

Msitu wa Pande ulioko wilayani Kinondoni ni maarufu kwa matukio haya ya kinyama na inaaminika kutumiwa na serikali katika kuwahoji watuhumiwa, ikumbukwe ni sehemu hiyo hiyo ndiko wafanyabiashara watatu wa madini kutoka Mahenge, Morogoro na dereva teksi wa Manzese Dar es Salaam waliuawa na polisi mwaka 2006.

Daktari huyo ambaye amekuwa akiratibu mgomo wa madaktari unaoendelea, aliokotwa na msamaria mwema akiwa amefungwa mikono na miguu akiwa katika hali mbaya, huku akiwa ameng’olewa meno na kucha na watu ambao hawajajulikana, huku baadhi wakidai ni watumishi wa Idara ya Usalama wa Taifa, na wengine wakisema ni majambazi.

Baadhi ya madaktari walishindwa kuhimili na kuangua vilio vilivyoongeza simanzi huku wengine wakisema kauli ya ‘liwalo na liwe’ iliyotolewa Bungeni na Waziri Mkuu Mizengo Pinda imeanza kutekelezwa.

Taarifa za kujeruhiwa kwa Dk. Ulimboka zilisambaa kwa kasi katika vyombo vya habari na mitandao ya kijamii na wengine kutumiana ujumbe mfupi wa simu isipokuwa vile vya serikali tu (TBC na magazeti yanayomilikiwa na serikali).

Kutokana na tukio hilo, wanaharakati wa haki za binadamu wameituhumu Serikali kuhusika na tukio hilo, huku Serikali ikikana tuhuma hizo, na papohapo ikiagiza Jeshi la Polisi kuwasaka waliohusika kwa udi na uvumba.

Akizungumza kwa taabu baada ya kufikishwa katika Hospitali ya Taifa ya Muhimbili, Dk. Ulimboka alisema akiwa na rafiki zake alipigiwa simu na mtu anayemfahamu na ambaye walishawahi kukutana akimtaka wakutane.

Ulimboka alisema mara baada ya mtu huyo kufika walipokuwa, walianza mazungumzo, lakini wakiwa katikati yule mtu aliwasiliana kwa njia ya simu na watu asiowafahamu, na baada ya muda mfupi kabla ya kuagana liliwasili gari moja lenye rangi nyeusi likiwa halina namba.

“Wakashuka watu kama watano hivi wakiwa na bunduki wakawaambia wale wenzangu na yule niliyekuwa naongea naye kuwa wako free (huru), wakaniingiza kwenye gari lao kwa nguvu,” alisema Dk. Ulimboka.

Naye Katibu wa Jumuiya ya Madaktari, Dk. Godwin Chitage alisema siku ya tukio wakiwa na Dk. Ulimboka walipigiwa simu na mtu wa Usalama wa Taifa (jina limehifadhiwa) akamtaka wakutane usiku huo.

“Walitoka Ulimboka na Dk. Deo wakaenda maeneo ya Kinondoni Stereo walipokutana naye akaanza kupiga simu likaja gari jeusi, wakashuka watu wanne wakiwa na silaha, na kumtaka Dk. Deo aondoke, ndipo yakaanza malumbano kabla ya kumzidi nguvu na kumwingiza kwenye gari kisha kuondoka naye.”

“Tulipopata taarifa kutoka kwa Deo tukaanza kupiga simu ya Dk. Ulimboka ikawa haipatikani tena. Tulienda Oysterbay Polisi kutoa taarifa lakini hatukupata ushirikiano wa kutosha, tukaenda ‘Central’ (Kituo Kikuu) tukaambiwa tusubiri hadi kesho, hapo ilikuwa saa saba tangu saa tano walipomteka.

Alisema asubuhi walipata taarifa kutoka kwa msamaria mwema kwamba Ulimboka amepigwa sana na ametelekezwa kwenye msitu wa Pande, na walifuatilia ingawa anadai walikosa ushirikiano kwenye Kituo cha Polisi Bunju.

“Kitendo alichofanyiwa mwenyekiti wetu kimetufanya kuwa imara zaidi katika kupigania haki zetu. Tutasimama kwa pamoja kwa gharama yoyote hata kama ni kutoa uhai wetu.

“Nawaomba Watanzania wote wanaoitakia amani Tanzania walaani kitendo hiki, tunawalaani wote waliofanya juhudi za kumchelewesha Dk. Ulimboka kufika hospitali ili lengo lao la kumtoa uhai litimie,” alisema Dk. Chitage.

Katika tukio lisilo la kawaida mtu mmoja anayedaiwa kuwa mkuu wa Kituo Kidogo cha Polisi Daraja la Salenda alipata kipigo kikali kutoka kwa kundi la madaktari, baada ya kuhisiwa kuwa ni mmoja wa watu waliohusika kumteka nyara Dk. Ulimboka.

Inadaiwa polisi huyo alichepuka baada ya kumwona Ulimboka, kisha akasikika akizungumza na wenzake kwa njia ya simu kwamba alikuwa (Ulimboka) hajafa.

Ofisa huyo aliokolewa na askari wanaolinda hospitali hiyo na kupelekwa kwenye chumba kidogo kilichopo jirani na lango la kuingilia hospitalini hapo, ambapo baada ya muda polisi zaidi waliwasili wakiwa katika gari lenye namba za usajili T 226 AMV wakiingia na kutoka katika chumba hicho.

Majira ya saa 05:20 asubuhi gari aina ya Toyota lenye namba za usajili T 716 BKZ ililiwasili na kumchukua ofisa huyo ambaye alidai kupoteza “Radio call” na bastola yake katika shambulio hilo.

Miongoni mwa watu wa kwanza kufika katika Kituo cha Polisi Bunju kumuona Dk Ulimboka ni Mkurugenzi wa Kituo cha Sheria na Haki za Binadamu (LHRC), Dk Hellen Kijo-Bisimba ambaye alisema kilichotokea kinaonyesha jinsi gani Serikali ilivyo na woga katika kushughulikia  matatizo ya wananchi.

Dk Bisimba alisema wao wanaamini kuwa tukio hilo lina mkono wa Serikali na kama ni kinyume cha hapo, basi inapaswa kuwaridhisha wananchi kuwa hawana mkono wao katika sakata hilo.

“Kama wao hawana mkono wao basi wanapaswa kuwaridhisha wananchi kuwa hawahusiki kwa kuwatia mbaroni wahusika na kuwafikisha katika vyombo vya sheria,” alisema Bisimba.

Bisimba alisema baada ya wasamaria kumkuta mnamo saa 12:00 asubuhi, walimpeleka katika kituo kidogo cha Polisi cha Bunju ambako polisi walifungua mashtaka ya wizi wa maungoni na kupatiwa RB yenye namba BJ/RB/1870/2012.

“Mimi nilipata taarifa za kutekwa kwake kutoka kwa mwenziye aliyekuwa naye mnamo saa nane usiku, na baada ya kupata taarifa hizo niliwaeleza wanaharakati wenzangu juu ya hatua za kuchukua,” alisema Bisimba.

Bisimba alisema aliwasili katika Kituo cha Polisi cha Bunju, jana mapema asubuhi na kumkuta Dk Ulimboka akiwa amejeruhiwa vibaya, lakini hakuwa amepatiwa huduma yoyote.

“Tulikwenda kumchukua na kukuta hali yake ni mbaya, lakini cha ajabu pamoja na majeraha yote hakupatiwa msaada wowote wa huduma, jambo ambalo lilitusikitisha sana,” alisema.

Kwa upande wake Mkurugenzi Mtendaji wa Taasisi ya Sikika, Irene Kiria alisema kilichotokea ni kitu kibaya na kinaonyesha jinsi gani Serikali inavyoshughulika na watu, badala ya kujali hoja za msingi ambazo zinawasilishwa.

Kiria alisema hoja za madaktari zilipaswa kusikilizwa kwani licha ya madai ya masilahi yao lakini pia wanapigania mazingira bora yenye utu kwa ajili ya wagonjwa.

Madai mengine ni upatikanaji wa dawa na vifaa tiba kwa ajili ya kuwahudumia wananchi pamoja na upatikanaji wa dawa, mambo ambayo alisema hayahitaji mjadala.

“Suala la masilahi ya madaktari linazungumzika lakini siyo suala la dawa, mazingira bora ya kuwahudumia wagonjwa na upatikanaji wa vifaa tiba na vipimo vingine,” alisema Kiria.

Kwa upande wake Waziri wa Mambo ya Ndani, Dk Emmanuel Nchimbi alisema Serikali imeliagiza Jeshi la Polisi kuwasaka na kuwachukulia hatua watakaobainika kuhusika na utekaji huo.

Dk Nchimbi alisema mjini Dodoma kuwa Serikali haihusiki kwa namna yoyote ile na utekaji nyara huo, na kwamba kitendo hicho kinapaswa kulaaniwa kwani hakikubaliki katika jamii hasa kwa zama hizi.

“Kwanza, madaktari ni watu muhimu ambao wao ndio wanaotuwezesha sisi kuishi, kwa hiyo wapo kwa ajili ya maisha yetu, hata kama asingekuwa daktari, kwa mtu yeyote yule, jambo hili halikubaliki katika nchi yetu,” alisema Dk Nchimbi na kuongeza:

“Tumewaagiza polisi wafanye uchunguzi ili kuwabaini wahusika na wakipatikana wafikishwe katika vyombo vya sheria, maana hatuwezi kwa namna yoyote kuvumilia vitendo vya aina hii.”

Alisema Serikali imeshtushwa sana na tukio hilo na haitavumilia kwa namna yoyote vitendo hivyo pamoja na vile vya unyanyasaji kwani ni kinyume cha sheria.

Kuhusu kupigwa kwa Mkuu wa Upelelezi (OC- CID), ASP Mukiri, Dk Nchimbi alisema lilikuwa ni tukio la bahati mbaya kwamba madaktari waliokuwapo Muhimbili walishindwa kuwa na uvumilivu kwani askari aliyepigwa alikuwa ameagizwa na Kamanda wa Polisi wa Mkoa wa Kinondoni, Charles Kenyela kwenda kufuatilia matibabu ya Dk Ulimboka.

“Hapa ndipo ninapotofautiana na watu wengi, mnampigaje polisi, maana yule anapaswa kuwa rafiki wa raia, sasa unampigaje mtu ambaye ni mlinzi na umemwajiri, analipwa kwa kodi yako?” alihoji Dk Nchimbi.

Kipigo alichopata kiongozi wa madaktari, Dk. Steven Ulimboka na kauli nzito aliyoitoa Waziri Mkuu, Mizengo Pinda, kuhusu mgomo wa madaktari, vimelivuruga Bunge.

Mbunge wa Kawe, Halima Mdee (CHADEMA), ndiye aliyekuwa wa kwanza kuhoji baada ya kutilia shaka kauli ya Waziri Mkuu Pinda na kipigo cha daktari huyo.

Jumatano June 27, 2012 asubuhi wakati waziri mkuu akijibu mwongozo wa Mbunge wa Mbozi Mashariki, Godfrey Zambi (CCM), aliyetaka kujua msimamo wa serikali kuhusu mgomo huo, alisema Alhamisi June 28, 2012 serikali itatoa uamuzi mzito kuhusu mgomo wa madaktari na ‘liwalo na liwe.’

Mbunge huyo alisema wakati madaktari walipotoa tishio la mgomo wiki mbili zilizopita, Waziri wa Afya, Dk. Hussein Mwinyi alitoa kauli ya Serikali Juni 22 kwamba Serikali imetekeleza madai ya madaktari na kuongeza posho.

Kwa mujibu wa Zambi, licha ya kauli hiyo, madaktari katika baadhi ya hospitali ikiwamo Muhimbili walianza mgomo.

“Mheshimiwa Spika, nimepigiwa simu kutoka Mbeya, Dar es Salaam, Moshi nimeambiwa mgomo unaendelea. Naomba mwongozo wako, hatua gani serikali itachukua kuwaokoa wagonjwa?”

Akijibu mwongozo huo, Waziri Mkuu Pinda alikiri kuwa ni kweli serikali imeenda mahakamani kupinga mgomo huo na mahakama iliwazuia madaktari kugoma na kuwataka watangaze kwenye vyombo kwamba wamesitisha mgomo.

Kwa mujibu wa Pinda, madaktari walikaidi amri hiyo na serikali ilikimbilia tena mahakamani na mahakama ilikazia uamuzi wake wa awali.

“Tunafikiri si vizuri kuingilia kazi ya mahakama lakini pia tulidhani madaktari wataheshimu amri ya mahakama.

“Serikali itatangaza hatua za kuchukua. Maana wakati mwingine Waswahili wanasema ‘liwalo  na liwe,’ alisema Pinda na kushangiliwa na wabunge wa CCM.

Hata hivyo, kauli ya Pinda ilileta tafrani baada ya wabunge wawili wa CHADEMA, Halima Mdee, na Mbunge wa Ubungo, John Mnyika, kutaka maelezo yakinifu kuhusiana na mambo ya kutatanisha katika mgogoro huo.

Mdee alimtaka Waziri Mkuu Pinda kutoa maelezo ya serikali kuhusiana na tukio la kuvamiwa, kutekwa na kisha kupigwa vibaya kwa Ulimboka, ikitiliwa shaka kauli ya kiongozi huyo mkuu wa shughuli za serikali bungeni, aliyedai kuwa sasa ‘liwalo na liwe’.

Mbunge huyo alidai kuwa kauli ya Pinda inaleta mashaka na hisia kuwa serikali inahusika na tukio la kinyama alilofanyiwa Dk. Ulimboka.

Naye Mnyika alisema kukamatwa na kushambuliwa kwa kiongozi wa madaktari, Ulimboka, kutachochea zaidi mgogoro kati ya madaktari na serikali.

“Udhaifu wa serikali kuharakisha kwenda mahakamani kabla ya Bunge kupewa fursa ya kujadili madai ya madaktari na kuisimamia serikali umelifikisha taifa hapa tulipo,” alisema.

Mbunge huyo aliliambia Bunge kuwa serikali inajikanyaga katika sakata hilo kwa sababu imekishitaki Chama cha Madaktari nchini (MAT), lakini iliyotangaza mgomo ni Jumuiya ya Madaktari.

Pia Mnyika aliomba Bunge liruhusiwe haraka kujadili hoja za madai ya madaktari ili kuisimamia serikali kwa mujibu wa ibara ya 63 (2) ili kupitisha maazimio kupata suluhu ya mgogoro huo.

“Waziri Mkuu Mizengo Pinda ametoa maelezo bungeni kuwa tarehe 28 Juni, 2012 serikali itatoa kauli bungeni kuhusu suala la mgomo wa madaktari, hata hivyo kauli hiyo itatolewa kwa mujibu wa kanuni ya 49 (1) hivyo Bunge halitaruhusiwa kujadili kauli husika na hivyo kukoseshwa fursa ya kuisimamia serikali kwa niaba ya wananchi.

Alisema Bunge linakoseshwa fursa ya kusikiliza upande wa pili wa madaktari na wahudumu wengine wa afya ambao walipewa nafasi ya kuwasilisha maelezo na vielelezo vya upande wao kwenye Kamati ya Bunge ya Huduma za Jamii.

Mnyika alidai kumshangaa Naibu Spika, Job Ndugai, kudai kuwa tayari Kamati ya Huduma za Jamii imewasilisha taarifa bungeni wakati wabunge hawajapewa nakala husika na wala haijawasilishwa kwenye Bunge kwa ajili ya kujadiliwa.

“Ikumbukwe kwamba jana tarehe 26 Juni 2012 niliomba muongozo kuhusu kauli za mawaziri kwa mujibu wa kanuni ya 49 (2) na 116, hata hivyo niliruhusiwa kuomba kutoa maelezo kuhusu kauli ya serikali juu ya utekelezaji wa madai ya madaktari na uboreshaji wa masilahi ya madaktari.

Mnyika alisema kuzembea ama kupuuza kuchukua hatua dhidi ya udhaifu uliojitokeza kutaleta madhara zaidi kwa kuwa hata serikali ikichukua hatua za kudhibiti mgomo kwa kutumia vyombo vya dola, madaktari na watumishi wa afya wataendelea na mgomo wa chini kwa chini, hivyo afya na maisha ya wananchi yataendelea kuathirika kwa muda mrefu zaidi.

“Ikiwa wabunge tutaelezwa ukweli na kupewa taarifa kamili tutaweza kuisimamia serikali na kuwaeleza ukweli madaktari kipi kinawezekana na kipi hakiwezekani na nichukue fursa hii kuwaomba madaktari kufanya kila kinachowezekana kuokoa uhai wa wagonjwa katika kipindi hiki kigumu,” alisema Mnyika


Dr Stephen Ulimboka is carried into Muhimbili Orthopaedic Institute, where he was admitted in a serious condition yesterday after he was kidnapped, severely beaten and dumped on the outskirts of Dar es Salaam. PHOTO | joseph zablon

The public face of the doctors’ strike, Dr Stephen Ulimboka, was fighting for his life in hospital yesterday after he was kidnapped, badly beaten and left for dead by unknown people.

Dr Ulimboka heads the doctors’ committee that has been locked in a dispute over pay and working conditions with the government for several months.

Doctors went on strike on Saturday, accusing the government of failing to keep its side of the bargain that ended a crippling month-long strike earlier this year.

Dr Ulimboka’s own narration suggests that he was attacked by armed people, and the question that inevitably comes to the fore is: who wants him dead?

Meanwhile, Dar es Salaam Special Police Zone Commander Suleiman Kova said the Police Force had formed an investigation team.

What started as a rumour on Wenesday June 27, 2012 morning was confirmed at around noon when a battered and bloodied Dr Ulimboka was found unconscious at Bunju, about 30 kilometres from the city centre.

He was taken to a police post by local residents who found him dumped on the roadside.

Dr Ulimboka was apparently kidnapped as he was going to Leaders Club in Kinondoni, where he was to hold discussions on the doctors’ strike that began last weekend with a person who had called him earlier.  He said he was waylaid and attacked by a group of at least five armed people.

“They told my colleagues that they weren’t interested in them and that it was me who they were looking for. They dragged me on the tarmac and bundled me into a black car without registration numbers,” Dr Ulimboka said.

Dr Elisha Osati, who was with Dr Ulimboka a few hours before he was abducted, said Dr Ulimboka had received a phone call from a Mr Abeid, who wanted to meet him and discuss the strike.

“He was initially apprehensive about holding the talks at midnight, but decided to go anyway because he had previously met the man on several occasions,” Dr Osati said.

He added that he did not know what had happened to Dr Ulimboka until around midmorning yesterday when he received calls from his colleagues who told him that Dr Ulimboka had been badly beaten.

Journalists could not reach Dr Ulimboka at the Muhimbili Orthopaedic Institute (Moi), where he was admitted, after they were blocked at the entrance.

Legal and Human Rights Centre (LHRC) executive director Helen Kijo-Bisimba said she received a call at midnight from one of Dr Ulimboka’s colleagues, who asked her for her assistance, after narrating what had happened to him.

“His kidnappers started beating him when he demanded to know where they were taking him. He realised that the car was heading towards Bagamoyo and he immediately feared for his life. 

He knew that something was wrong because he had expected to be taken to the nearby Mabatini or Oysterbay police station if indeed he had been arrested for any offence,” Dr Bisimba said.

She added that Dr Ulimboka was taken to Mabwepande forest on the outskirts of the city, where he was dumped.Luckily for him, a passerby spotted him as he was struggling to free himself from the ropes that were used to tie his limbs. Dr Bisimba said they hired a private ambulance after the Muhimbili National Hospital (MNH) administration refused to give them one to collect Dr Ulimboka.

His arrival in the mid morning sparked chaotic scenes in which police struggled to contain angry doctors, nurses and Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences students, who were demanding that those behind the attack be brought to justice.

Almost all workers at MNH and Moi left their workstations and gathered in small groups to discuss what had happened to Dr Ulimboka.

Many doctors and nurses burst into tears when they saw a bloodied Dr Ulimboka, barely recognisable, on a stretcher. Some accused the government of being behind Dr Ulimboka’s beating.

“We will not take matters into our own hands over the fate that has befallen our leader, but we will continue to fight for our rights no matter what,” a man in the crowd was heard screaming.

The sentiments were echoed by officials of both the Medical Association of Tanzania (MAT) and Doctors Steering Committee. The MAT chairperson, Dr Namala Mkopi, condemned the incident, while the Doctors Steering Committee secretary, Dr Edwin Chitega, blamed the government for what happened to their colleague.

Dr Chitega said the development would persuade even more doctors to join the strike.


Prime Minister Mizengo Pinda

Last January an interim committee formed by medical personnel called for a nationwide strike over poor working conditions as well as lack of working tools and training of medical personnel.

The doctors said the deteriorating situation had reached the point of patients being advised to buy their own items if they needed to be diagnosed.

They mentioned hospitals like Mwananyamala, Amana and Temeke in Dar es Salaam as among those running short of medical supplies.

The then permanent secretary in the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare, Ms Blandina Nyoni,  had admitted that most of the claims were genuine. However, she maintained that the government did not have enough funds to solve the problems overnight.

She gave an example of the Muhimbili National Hospital (MNH) which had received only Sh4 billion against its budget of Sh19 billion in the current financial year.

The doctors also pressed the government to suspend top officials at the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare, and it did so by suspending Ms Nyoni and the chief medical officer, Dr Deo Mutasiwa. Both are being investigated over corruption allegations levelled against them.  

President Jakaya Kikwete also sacked the minister for Health and Social Welfare, Dr Hadji Mponda, in a cabinet reshuffle he made last May.

Last week the medics threatened to go on another strike after denying Prime Minister Mizengo Pinda’s report to Parliament that both the government and medics had reached an agreement on five out of ten demands.

The doctors denied that there was such an agreement and declared that they would go on a nation-wide strike come Saturday.

They want a salary package of up to Sh3.5 million for beginners along with housing allowance.

The last strike in January centered around eight issues and paralysed medical services in public hospitals—including the MNH.

Early this year, there were reports of patients dying after doctors in 13 public hospitals lay down their tools.


Dr Stephen Ulimboka is the chairman of a committee spearheading the doctors’ cause that operates under the auspices of the Medical Association of Tanzania (MAT). He also doubles as the spokesman for the striking doctors, and has addressed the media on several occasions.

At one point early this year, Dr Ulimboka vowed that the strike would continue after what he had described as Prime Minister Mizengo Pinda’s continued blockage of communication with them by banning their meetings.

Said he: “His ban on our meetings means that he has eliminated communication between us and the government…  for us to agree to have talks and find a solution we have to hold meetings, don’t we?”

He said Mr Pinda’s move to ban their meetings dodged the basic issue. Last week, the doctors announced that they planned to go on strike starting last Saturday.


David Sanguli speaking to Human Rights activists in Mwatate over his fateful moments about his right hand that chopped off by a machine he was operating in a brush room of A sisal estate in Taita district.The chopped hand has remained in a mortuary for five years where he is required to pay sh 500,000 preservation charges. Photo/WILLIAM OERI

A former machine operator, who lost his arm five years ago, is caught up in a weird battle with a mortuary for the right to bury his limb.

He won Sh1.4 million in court last year from his employer, Teita Sisal Estate, Mwatate, out of which his lawyer pocketed Sh900,000.

Now the hospital, which has faithfully kept the hand for five years, is asking for Sh500,000 — the full balance of his court award — in mortuary fees before it can release it for burial.

Mr David Sanguli, a 38-year-old father of four, lost his arm on May 7, 2007, in a work place accident.

His arm was taken to the mortuary by police in the course of their investigations.

After the probe, the former sisal farm worker says, he couldn’t have his arm back because there was already a Sh106,000 mortuary bill on it. He couldn’t pay at the time because he was also having to foot his medical expenses. That was in 2008.

Last week, when he went to the hospital, he was asked to clear the mortuary bill first.

A letter shown to the Nation from the then Wundanyi police boss Paul Odede allowed the man to go get his hand from the hospital.

Mr Sanguli was sacked when the Nation reported his plight while he was undergoing treatment at the district hospital.

After he was discharged, he waged a successful legal battle for compensation and terminal dues.

His family has since 2007 been asking Wesu District Hospital to waive the mortuary charges, but the staff maintain that the services are not free.

When contacted, the hospital administrator, Mr Emmanuel Mzae, claimed that Mr Sanguli collected his hand “months ago” after the dispute was resolved.



Actions for malicious prosecution are not favored in law. In regard to criminal prosecutions, public policy favors the exposure of crime, which a recovery against a prosecutor or a citizen filing a complaint about a crime tends to discourage. In the case of civil proceedings, a litigant should be able to have his or her rights determined without the risk of being sued for damages for seeking to enforce those rights. Accordingly, public policy requires strict adherence to the rules governing malicious prosecution actions; any departure from the exact prerequisites for liability may threaten the delicate balance between protecting against wrongful prosecution and encouraging reporting of criminal conduct or protecting the rights of a civil litigant.

See Browning-Ferris Industries v. Lieck, 37 Tex. Sup. Ct. J. 851, 881 S.W.2d 288, 290-291 (Tex.1994) which holds that:

“there should be a strict adherence to the rules discussed in the context of a criminal prosecution.”

Moreover, these rules may not be avoided by bringing the action under another theory, such as negligence. The essential elements of a claim for malicious prosecution are: (1) the institution of proceedings against the plaintiff; (2) by or at the insistence of the defendant; (3) malice in the commencement of the proceeding; (4) lack of probable cause for the proceeding; (5) termination of the proceeding in plaintiff’s favor; and (6) damages to the plaintiff.

If the underlying action was a criminal prosecution, the plaintiff must also have been innocent of the charges. If the underlying action about which there was a complaint was a civil case, the plaintiff must have been named as a party in the suit. In the context of a civil case (see also “abuse of process”), the Plaintiff must also allege and prove special damages arising from an interference with his or her person, such as an arrest or detention, or with his or her property, such as an attachment, appointment of a receiver, writ of replevin, or injunction.

In a malicious prosecution action, the plaintiff bears the burden of proving that no probable cause existed for instituting the underlying proceedings, and the law initially presumes that a defendant acted reasonably and in good faith and, therefore, had probable cause. Though a criminal defendant enjoys the presumption of innocence in the underlying proceedings, that person is not presumed innocent as a plaintiff in a civil malicious prosecution action; instead, the accuser’s good faith is presumed, and the plaintiff must rebut this presumption by producing sufficient evidence that the motives, grounds, beliefs, or other information upon which the defendant acted did not constitute probable cause. Once the plaintiff has met this initial burden, the burden then shifts to the defendant to offer independent proof of probable cause. If the plaintiff, however, does not carry this initial burden, the presumption of probable cause remains unrebutted and the defendant is entitled to judgment as a matter of law.

The definition of “probable cause” depends on whether the underlying proceeding was civil or criminal. With respect to a civil proceeding, probable cause exists if the defendant (1) reasonably believed in the existence of the facts on which his or her claim was based; and (2) reasonably believed, or believed in reliance on the advice of counsel that was sought in good faith and given after a full disclosure of the facts within the defendant’s knowledge and information, that the claim was valid.

With respect to a criminal prosecution, probable cause is the existence of such facts and circumstances as would cause the belief, in a reasonable mind, acting on the facts within the knowledge of the prosecutor (complainant), that the person charged was guilty of the crime for which he or she was prosecuted. In either case, the definition must be applied to the circumstances as they existed at the time the prosecution began. Thus, the magistrate or/and judge in this type of case may properly be instructed to consider only events prior to the institution of proceedings in determining probable cause. The question of probable cause does not depend on the guilt or innocence of the plaintiff, but on whether the defendant had reasonable grounds to believe, and did believe, that the plaintiff was guilty from the facts known to defendant at the time of filing the complaint. Therefore the question is not whether plaintiff committed an offense, but whether defendant had reasonable grounds to believe that the plaintiff did.

Moreover, if there is probable cause for the belief in the guilt of the plaintiff for an offense substantially similar to that for which the plaintiff was prosecuted, the defendant is not liable for malicious prosecution. Neither the plaintiff’s actual innocence or acquittal nor the prosecutor’s abandonment of the prosecution show or raise a presumption of lack of probable cause. The test for determining whether probable cause existed in connection with a criminal prosecution depends on whether the defendant actually brought a formal criminal complaint or merely furnished information to law enforcement officers, who then acted independently and used their own discretion in bringing formal charges. In the former situation, the question is what the defendant honestly and reasonably thought the facts were at the time he or she filed the criminal complaint. In the latter situation, the question is what the defendant actually believed, rather than what the defendant reasonably believed.

Moreover, the defendant is not liable in such a situation if he or she made a full and fair disclosure of the facts to the prosecuting authorities. On the other hand, in the context of a criminal case, the complainant’s failure to fully and fairly disclose all material information or knowing provision of false information to the prosecutor, while relevant to the malice and causation elements of a malicious prosecution action, have no bearing on probable cause. This is because the existence of probable cause depends only on the complainant’s reasonable belief, based on the information available to the complainant before criminal proceedings began, that the elements of a crime had been committed. The reasonableness of such a belief is not negated by the failure to disclose fully all relevant facts to the prosecutor. Furthermore, proof that a defendant provided false information is not sufficient. Proof that the false information ”caused a criminal prosecution” is also required. In other words, there must be proof that the prosecutor acted based on the false information and that but for such false information the decision would not have been made.).

Nevertheless, if all the objective elements of a crime reasonably appear to have been completed, the complainant has no duty to make a further investigation into the suspect’s state of mind. See King v. Graham, 47 Tex. Sup. Ct. J. 85, 126S.W.3d 75, 78-79 (Tex. 2003

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ARUSHA. Proposed change of Selous Game Reserve boundaries to pave way for extraction of strategic uranium mineral have been started, the discussion is done by the world heritage committee, a branch of UNESCO (the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation) which commences its annual meeting in St Petersburg over the weekend.

In 2009 the Tanzania Government announced that 20 sites has been identified which are believed to be rich in uranium after 70 exploration licenses for uranium has been given to international companies. Energy and Minerals Minister at that time Mr. William Ngereja while addressing a press conference in Dar es Salaam saying that government was optimistic mining of world’s much talked alternative energy source would begin in 2012.

“We have been assured of safety of our people living in identified uranium sites.” Explained Mr. Ngereja, in what appeared to be an early attempt to calm the people over fears that uranium mining operations might trigger yet another environmental hazard that could result to human and property loss.

Uranium is a radioactive and poisonous heavy metal; Mining and processing require large scale industrial installations and impose serious hazards to workers, population in the surroundings and to the environment. Both high priority projects are touching highly sensitive areas; the Mantraresources Mkuju River Project (MRP) is partly situated within the world heritage listed Selous Game Reserve, the Uranex project is in central Tanzania is focusing on Bahi swamp, an area of high importance for agriculture, economy and ecology in the region and beyond.

Mantra has submitted SEIS (Social and Environmental Impact Study) which is necessary to obtain the permission to develop the mine. NEMC (National Environmental Management Council) states to have received this, but is reluctant to process it because the expected regulation on mining radioactive minerals is still under process also NEMC states that getting permission to mine within the world heritage area needs special considerations.

The permission is expected to be acquired from the World Heritage Centre, a body under the United Nations Education, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). Selous is listed on UNESCO’s world heritage sites.

The committee meets once in a year and Tanzania’s application to make changes in the game reserve boundaries is among key issues to be deliberated upon at the northern Russian city up to July 6.

Selous Game Reserve is one among numerous inscribed world heritage sites, which imposes obligations on a country with such a site to consult with the committee before making any chances on construction or boundaries that impinge on its heritage site status.

Government delegation to Russia is headed by the Deputy Minister for Natural Resousces and Tourism, Lazaro Nyalandu, who left for St. Petersburg on Friday.

Tanzania originally applied in February 2011 to the world heritage committee for a change of Selous game reserve boundaries but response was deferred as the applicant was directed among other things to conduct a fresh assessment on environmental and social impact of the proposed change and submit the scientific report as a precondition for the committee to prepare its position.

Deputy Minister Nyalandu told reporters that Tanzania rejected the directive to re-submit the application, citing it as a change of boundaries.

“The government objected to the demand then appealed to the chairman and we resubmitted our application as a minor change of boundaries by reducing the size of the entire Selous game reserve by only 0.8 percent of the land needed for the uranium project which can not affect the value of the universal character of the heritage site,” affirmed Nyalandu. Selous game reserve covers 54,600 square kilometres and the government wants to remove 345 square kilometres for mining purposes.

He added: “The committee had asked for fresh environmental and social impact assessment with an acknowledged international firm to meet set benchmarks. This was properly done and the report was sent.”

The world heritage committee demanded a comprehensive report to be submitted on how Tanzania would mitigate effects resulting from the uranium mining project.

“They wanted a report on the rehabilitation of the area in post mining era. Now the submitted report shows clearly how the rehabilitation will be done, including planting of trees as the project will last for a period of 15 to 20 years,” he stated.

Apart from the Selous game reserve, Tanzania has other six listed world heritage sites namely Kilimanjaro Nattional Park, the Stone Town in Zanzibar, the Ngorongoro Conservation Area, Serengeti National Park, Kondoa Rock Art Sites, Ruins of Kilwa Kisiwani and Ruins of Songo Mnara. They were inscribed on the UNESCO heritage sites list in 1982.

Government efforts to slightly alter the boundaries of Selous Game Reserve to pave the way for the mining of the precious but risky uranium oxide has its fair share of adversaries locally and abroad.

UNESCO and local activist groups have consistently opposed moves to mine uranium along Mkuju River in the southern region of Ruvuma.

Activists express the worry that since uranium is a toxic mineral, its being mined along Mkuju area could heavily devastate Selous as well as the nearby communities if not well managed.

Officials at the Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism told our repoter that the government has been staging a vigorous campaign and high level lobbying at national and international level so as to have its application approved by the world heritage committee.

Mathias P. Lyamunda executive director of Foundation for Environmental Management and Campaign Against Poverty Tanzania (FEMAPO) when asked why the vigorous campaign and high level lobbying at national and international level only managed to respond “I think it raises significant questions to which we have to find adequate answers … (questions) about the wisdom of what we are going to gate out of this uranium business,” he said.

 FEMAPO is standing against uranium mining in Tanzania until we are convinced beyond reasonable doubt that uranium projects will not bring hazards to local communities who will be not advantaged victims and that their health safe environment, which will be affected by mining and production, processes of Uranium. Said Mr. Lyamunda.

Twenty years ago oil prospecting and explorations for a hydro power scheme at Stigler’s Gorge contributed to the near extinction of rhinos in Selous. Together with a large dam presently being planned across the Ruvu River at the north-eastern tip of the Selous rhino range, the possibility of mining poses a major threat to the recovering but still fragile rhino population (Rolf D. Baldus, 2005)

The chairman of Parliamentary Committee on Lands, Natural Resources and Environment, James Lembeli explain a few weeks ago that Tanzania is supposed to treat the matter carefully to get international approval otherwise it may end up the loser.

“Suppose the world heritage committee remains reluctant to approve the application and Tanzania decides to carry on with its plan to alter the Selous boundaries and eventually give a nod to uranium mining the committee (world heritage) might decide to delete the Game Reserve from the inscribed sites. This may substantially affect the number of tourists and also deny the country several benefits including research services and funds on conservation,” the MP indicated.

The government of Tanzania is trying very hard to justify its reasons to go into uranium mining. To push toward this agenda is being backed up by two reasons; one is economic reasons and two is the energy issue.

The government have been issuing statements in defense of these two reasons; there is an argument that uranium is highly demanded in the world hence it is an opportunity for revenue gains through the exploitation of the available uranium deposits.

There is an argument also that the available uranium deposits will be used to generate electricity and putting to an end the current power crisis in Tanzania. This is not true because refining and enrichment require highly sophisticated large scale industrial chemical processes – uranium refineries and enrichment plants. Only a limited number of states have the necessary know-how.

Since enrichment of uranium is the first step towards producing nuclear weapons, the international community is trying to control the use of this technology, or more correctly, the end use of the enriched uranium. Thus, for political and technological reasons it will be next to impossible for Tanzania to establish this industry in the country in a foreseeable future.

The only realistic option for Tanzania is to export uranium as a raw material. Opting for Nuclear Energy Tanzania will depend on industrial countries to import fuel rods ready to use.

Furthermore using nuclear power produces high radioactive waste which has to be contained safely for unforeseeable future. Until now there is no consensus how this can be achieved and countries like Germany and USA are running their power plans with ought a solution on what to do with the waste.

From an economic point of view uranium mining may be considered as a chance; creating revenue for government and jobs. But apart from environmental dangers there are severe problems. Mining is not a sustainable business in principle, but is causing the typical boom and burst economy; as long as the mining is going on, business may rise, one day the deposit is finished and the artificially blown up economy will collapse again.

Using the temporary income from mining to trigger a sustainable and development in a country requires high skills and discipline from government and society; only few countries like Norway in Northern Europe and Bostwana in Africa have proofed to be successful in this way.

“Especially in developing countries, local people do not obtain the necessary qualifications for the good jobs in the mines, so people from abroad or other parts of the country will move to the mine sites, creating and increasing other social problems like rising prices for houses and day to day goods, ethical conflicts promiscuity and HIV”. Said Mr. Herthiny Bukombe a business man and an activist living in Arusha.

Uranium mining comes with extreme requirements to local production factors, especially water and land – thus it is competing with the need of local people who need water and land for farming, “on what can they live if water and land are claimed, contaminated and destroyed forever? In Niger uranium will be emptied also the water reserve will be empty – the area will be completely useless for humanity. Especially indigenous communities are hit hard if the natural environment disappears. They may be forced to give up their way of life.” Explained Mr. Lyamunda.

Have you ever wondered!? Tanzania is rich in natural resources however these resources have not yet been explored and exploited to a large extent. One reason for this is that Julius Nyerere, the founding president of the country and one of the most respected African leader was reluctant towards exploiting the countries natural resources. His opinion was to wait until Tanzania should get the power to manage this by its won power.