Tanzania is the “cradle of mankind” for it was here, in the Olduvai Gorge, that Dr Louis Leakey discovered the fossilised remains of Homo habilis, or “handy man,” calculated to be 1.75 million years old and the fore- runner of modern man.
Tanzania was occupied by various African tribes most recently the Masai from Kenya, who have retained their proud traditions.
Arab merchants visited the coast some 2,000 years ago and settled in Zanzibar around the eighth century AD later establishing trade routes into the interior.
The inter-marriage of Arabs and local people created a new people with their own language – Kiswahili (Swahili) whose word for a journey – safari – has become the international description of a trip into the wild.
The Portuguese established temporary settlements in the 16th century, supplanted by the Omanis in the late 17th century who developed the infamous slave trade.
The scramble for Africa by the European powers at the end of the 19th century led to occupation of the mainland by Germany although Zanzibar became a British protectorate.
After World War I, Germany was forced to surrender its territory to the British.
Tanganyika, as the mainland was then known, achieved independence in 1961.
Zanzibar became independent two years later and shortly afterwards joined with the mainland to become the United Republic of Tanzania.
Tanzania covers 937,062 sq km making it the largest country in Eastern Africa.
Just south of the equator, it borders Kenya and Uganda in the north; the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda and Burundi in the west; and Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique in the south, and is therefore a splendid centre from which to explore eastern, central and southern Africa.
Through the interior runs the Great Rift Valley, that vast fault-line down the spine of Africa that, in Tanzania, has created many fascinating topographical features such as the Ngorongoro Crater and Lake Tanganyika.
The central plateau (1,200m above sea level) is a huge expanse of savannah and sparse woodland.
To the north, the 5,890-metre (19,340 ft) Mount Kilimanjaro rises, the highest mountain in Africa.
While the interior is largely arid, the 800 kilometre coastline is lush and palm-fringed as are the islands of Zanzibar, Pemba and Mafia.
The coastal areas are hot and humid with an average day time temperature of 30°C. Sea breezes make the climate very pleasant from June to September.
The central plateau experiences hot days and cool nights.
The hilly country between the coast and the northern highlands has a pleasant climate from January to September, with temperatures averaging around 20°C. Temperatures vary around Kilimanjaro according to the season registering a low 15°C during May to August rising to 22°C during December to March.
For the whole country the hottest months are from October to February.
The main, long rainy season is from mid-March to late May.
Agriculture plays a vital part in the economy of Tanzania and tourists will see evidence of this as they are driven past huge coffee, tea and cotton plantations and witness the processing of cashew nuts, sisal, cloves and other spices.
The country also has large mineral deposits that include gold, diamonds and a wide variety of gemstones.
Of particular interest is tanzanite, a brilliant and rare gemstone found only in Tanzania.
It is mined in the foothills of Mount Kilimanjaro and is one thousand times rarer than diamonds.
Geological research indicates that this source will be depleted in the next 10 to 20 years and that the chances of finding tanzanite in another part of the world are “less than one in a million”.
WHAT TOUR COMPANY CAN HANDLE YOUR TRAVEL PLANS?
Contact Media 2 Solution (M2S) to recommend the best company to handle your trip to Tanzania.
M2S have the knowledge, understanding and know the capacity of more than 500 companies involved in the tourism industry, making it the best and largest organisation to recommend you to the best company according to your budget.
Those companies include safari operators, mountain specialists, hotels, airlines, and a range of other suppliers on this industry.
M2S headquarter is in the tourist town of Arusha in northern Tanzania and the contacts are as follows:
Media 2 Solution
Arusha City complex 4th floor Swahili Street.
P. O. Box 611,
Tel: – 0716 079 339 or 0683722171