THE commonly accepted approach is to benchmark your performance against best practices in your sector.
It is therefore legitimate to ask what lessons Swapo can draw from Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM) of Tanzania whose leadership transmission process seems to consistently strengthen party and country unity and avoid the divisive negative emotional fallout that has haunted our process since the 2004 Swapo congress.
WHY THE CCM MODEL?
Both countries were former German colonies. Our leaders and fellow party members chose Tanzania as their first home away from home when they embarked on the armed liberation struggle. Hence the reference often made to the Tanganyika Group. No other African sister party or country had as much influence on the political values and principles espoused by the Swapo leaders and members. The Tanganyika spirit within Swapo has more to do with a common shared ideological understanding than just party members who actually physically resided in Tanganyika. CCM is therefore a legitimate respected political benchmarking model.
COMMON LEADERSHIP UNDERSTANDING
The common understanding is based on two simple principles, namely that:
1. Each succeeding president is to be alternately selected from a Tanganyika and from a Zanzibar CCM member.
2. When both contesting nominees come from the same part of the country CCM historically showed a bias in favour of the younger candidate.
This common understanding shared and defended by all CCM members alike has contributed to Ali Hassan Mwinyi succeeding Julius Nyerere when he was 60. Benjamin Mkapa succeeded Ali Hassan Mwinyi when he was 57 years old and Jakaya Kikwete succeeded Benjamin Mkapa as president when he was 55 years old.
THE RATIONALE BEHIND IT
Julius Mwalimu Nyerere himself explains the first underlying principle as follows: “African nationalism is meaningless, dangerous, anachronistic, if it is not, at the same time, pan-Africanism.” CCM likewise views leaders selected only from one part of the union as meaningless, dangerous and anachronistic.
The second pillar evolved from the 30-year practice through which CCM wanted to set a maximum age at which the president may assume office, as the Tanzanian constitution, like our Namibian Constitution, sets a minimum age limit but not a maximum age limit. The evolved CCM practice is that the candidate must not be older than 60 when he/she assumes the office of president.
Yes, if we agree that the same analysis made the founders of the Owambo People’s Organisation (OPO) conclude, long before they reached Tanganyika, that tribalism is meaningless, dangerous and anachronistic irrespective of who practises it, as it gives legitimacy to the apartheid Bantustan ideology conceived to divide African people to rule them better. The rational OPO founders concluded that to combat the common enemy OPO as well as all together tribal-mindset-based parties had to be dissolved to together with all progressive patriotic forces form the unitary, nationalistic and pan-African Swapo.
The Founding Father preserved that progressive nationalist spirit over the 50-year history of Swapo, as proven by prominent personalities from all the regions of Namibia who played an eminent role in the pre- and post-independence party leadership.
This common understanding on which Swapo was founded was first challenged when Pendukeni Ithana, with the blessing of the Founding Father, nominated Hage Geingob as party VP.
The ideologically confused pretext for the challenge, then as now, was that the President should not interfere with the right of members to freely designate their successor.
The absence of evergreen CCM-like Swapo leadership transmission guidelines shows, however, that like in 2004 some are now again using the same pretext to yet again impose choices that are ideologically inconsistent with the inclusive nationalistic pan-African ‘One Namibia, One Nation … One Continent, One People’ premise for which OPO was dissolved and the Swapo Party created.
The rotation of highest party leadership posts between candidates from three geographic regions (north, central and south), together with strict application of the 60-year age cap and the gender inclusiveness requirement, should allow us to arrive at evergreen consensual nominations which, like the CCM example, will strengthen our party/country unity and remove any suspicion of tribal-based considerations. No progressive party entertains the intellectually dishonest argument that only one region holds monopoly over all leadership talent in a country.
Ms Anne Makinda speaker of the National Assembly is expected to lead a delegation of five parliamentarians at the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) summit to be held in Quebec, Canada.
The meeting, which is scheduled to start today (Sunday) will run through October 26, this year, in the North American country.
Ms Makinda will be accompanied by Mr Hamad Rashid Mohamed (Wawi-CUF), Ms Susan Lyimo (Special Seats-CHADEMA), Mr David Kafulila (Kigoma South-NCCR Mageuzi) and Ms Pudenciana Kikwembe (Special Seats-CCM).
According to a statement issued by the Communication Unit of Parliament in Dar es Salaam yesterday, the meeting under the theme ‘Citizenship, Identity and Linguistic and Culture Diversity in a Globalized World’ aims at strengthening parliamentary diplomacy among IPU member states across the world.
Apart from the main theme, MPs from IPU will also discuss in smaller groups a number of sub-themes such as enforcing the responsibility to protect the role of Parliament in safeguarding civilians’ lives and fair trade and innovative financing mechanism for sustainable development.
The meeting will also discuss the use of media including social media to enhance citizen engagement and democracy. The Tanzanian delegation will in addition have the opportunity to meet with the IPU Secretary General, Mr Anders Johnsson.
This follows the honorary award to Tanzania to host a seminar for women parliamentarians in East, Central and Southern Africa in December, this year. The seminar will have the theme:
“Preventing and Responding to violence against Women: From legislation to effective enforcement,” and it is expected to be attended by more than 100 women parliamentarians from the Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) and East Africa regions.
Tanzania has told Malawi that it can go ahead with the exploration of oil and gas on Lake Malawi as long as it is within its borders on the north eastern part of the lake.
Tanzania’s Prime Minister Mizengo Pinda told the BBC on Thursday that international practices give his country half of the lake, therefore Malawi can go ahead with the exploration of gas and oil exercise strictly on its waters.
“If Malawi does the exploration, it should be on understanding that we have a border then there is no problem. If they do this in disregard to the border then we say no, the lake is not [wholly] yours,” said Pinda.
President Joyce Banda, who was in Brussels for European Union meetings, reported Tanzania to the African Union whose leadership assured Malawi that the continental body would work tirelessly to resolve the border dispute.
Answering a question on why Tanzania’s security officials harassed Malawian fishermen, the prime minister said it could be that the Mala-wians drifted into Tanzania’s waters therefore the security officials had an obligation to question any other foreigner.
“It’s true we questioned them why they had gone that way, we told them go back where you belong,” he said.
He said although there is the border dispute between Malawi and Tanzania, his country wants to resolve the matter peacefully, saying the two countries have co-existed peacefully for a long time.
He dismissed reports that Tanzania is expanding its borders into Malawi because of the discovery of oil and gas on Lake Malawi, which is called Lake Nyassa in Tanzania, saying the issue started long ago.
The Anglo-Germany Treaty of 1890 also known as Heligoland Treaty, gave Malawi the sole ownership of Lake Malawi but Tanzania’s President Jakaya Kikwete argues the treaty was flawed and needs revisiting.
Malawi wants the UN secretary general’s office to mediate in the lake border dispute and that Dodoma should commit itself to the International Court of Justice determinations, according to Foreign Affairs Minister Ephraim Chiume.
SPEAKER of Zanzibar’s House of Representatives, Mr Pandu Ameir Kificho temporarily cancelled Friday’s morning session due to a boycott by Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM) backbenchers.
“According to the House regulations section 72, business in the House can only proceed with at least half of the 82 members in the House. We are only 24 at this time,” Mr Omar Ali Shehe (CUF-Chakechake) complained to the speaker. In response to the legislator’s concern, the Speaker adjourned the session for about five to ten minutes as he ordered the boycotters to return to the session.
They returned to the House and the number increased to 45 a quorum required for business to resume. CCM backbenchers boycotted the House on Thursday morning protesting the unrest and asked the Speaker to allow a private motion to discuss political situation in the Islands but the Speaker rejected the motion.
CCM backbenchers blamed the Government and police for not doing enough to stop the unrest in the Stone Town. The unrest has greatly affected business in Stone Town, scaring away tourists.In a related incidence, it was reported that a man named Salum Hassan, 30, was shot dead on Thursday night when he and four others attempted to break into an alcohol store.
The Commissioner of Police- Zanzibar Mr Mussa Ali Mussa said that death had not been reported to the police at that time, however sources claim the deceased was shot by a soldier from the Zanzibar Unit who was guarding the store at Amani area. Four others were injured.On Tuesday night a police officer from Field Force Unit (FFU) was killed by thugs armed with machetes as he was riding back home from duty.
More than 51 people are in police custody for taking part in the unrest linked to the alleged disappearance of Muslim cleric Sheikh Farid Hadi Ahmed. It was relatively calm in most parts of Zanzibar after riot police took control. Only spotted incidents of clashes between police and few youths were reported after Friday prayers.
In a related development, the Zanzibar Broadcasting Commission (ZBC) has ordered all broadcasting station in Zanzibar not to cover news about Uamsho, the Muslim Islam group accused of causing unrest in Zanzibar.
In a letter dated 19/10/2012 to the station, signed by Ms Mtumwa Mzee, on behalf of the executive director of the Commission, it states that a blackout should be observed immediately, and TVs and radio stations should not cover UAMSHO or risk disciplinary measures.
THE Tanzania Football Federation (TFF) Election Committee has dismantled and ordered for a formation of a new team that will oversee the Dar es Salaam Regional Football Association (DRFA) elections.
A statement issued by the TFF Election Committee, Chairman, Deogratius Lyatto said his committee, which met on Thursday to go through various appeals decided to disband the DRFA election committee,following massive irregularities.The committee also ordered for a fresh start of the election process within the Dar es Salaam soccer body starting October 29 and the election conducted on December 8, this year.
“DRFA election committee under the Chairmanship of the former TFF boss, Muhidin Ndolanga has been dismantled and they have been directed to form a new one according to the laid down election procedures by October 25,” said Lyatto in a statement. Moreover, he directed that all contestants who have been cleared should pick in and fill in forms afresh but they should not repay for the form, should they be seeking for a similar post before the elections process was cancelled.
Among the irregularities which forced the Lyatto committee to go for stern measures are endorsing the current DRFA Chairman, Amin Mohamed Salim (Bakhressa) to vie for the same post without seeing his original Form IV certificate, which is the minimum qualification for the post.
The committee said Michael Wambura filed the appeal claiming that, Bakhressa lacked the required qualifications and was not eligible to contest in the election.They granted him his appeal after going though the evidence and they were satisfied that Bakhressa did not have the Secondary School Certificate thus he is not allowed to vie for the post in the coming election.
The DRFA Committee, Lyatto said also made a mistake in endorsing the contestants while knowing that there were outright violation of election procedure in the whole issue.”The whole issue was a mess, the DRFA out rightly violated the election procedures by favouring others and denying others their right, by so doing, we have ordered for a fresh process,” said Lyatto.
He cited a case where the DRFA election committee also endorsed contestants Gungurugwa Tambaza, Mohammed Bhinda, Benny Kisaka and Hamisi Ayoub Mpapai without having evidence that they have the Academic Certificate of Ordinary Secondary Education. However, in their deliberation, Lyatto said the committee also quashed Wambura’s appeal that the DRFA constitution as well as the region’s election committee was not legally formed, saying all procedures were adhered to.
The committee also met to discuss appeal from Mbeya Regional Football Association (MRFA) petitioning John Mwamwaja to vie for the Chairman post within the association. Lyatto’s committee endorsed the contestant after they satisfied themselves that the appellant claims lacked grounds.
Moreover, Lusekelo E. Mwanjala, who was disqualified to vie for the Chairman post has been cleared to continue with the race as well as Thadeo T. Kalua, who can now seek election for the TFF General Assembly representative.Lyatto said they have also pushed back for four-day to October 25, election of Shinyanga Regional Football Association (SHIREFA).
TANZANIA has no immediate plans to export its natural gas even as it boasts some reserves of 3 trillion cubic feet, until it meets local demands which, among others, include power generation and industrial use.
Chief Secretary Ambassador Ombeni Sefue made the remarks in Dar es Salaam while addressing reporters shortly after a meeting with high-level scoping mission, that visited the country with the aim of exchanging notes on successes and challenges in natural resource management.
“We must meet the domestic demand first. The available gas will also be used as a raw material for petro-chemicals and fertilizer industries,” Ambassador Sefue said.
He said although the gas reserve is sufficient for local demand, the country cannot be ranked yet as one of the major gas producers.
Ambassador Sefue noted that the government was currently training local experts who would also help negotiate well with investors in the energy sub-sector.
The mission which was invited by Tanzania comprised representatives from the African Development Bank (AfDB), China and UK’s Department for International Development (DFID).
Other members of the mission were from the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the European Union (EU) and Germany, all working together in the spirit of the Paris Declaration on donor coordination and harmonization.
According to Ambassador Sefue, the private sector and government can cooperate to enable Tanzanian businesses and individuals to supply goods and services to natural gas projects.
He, however, cautioned that for local entrepreneurs to venture in the sector, they would need support to ensure that gas and its related activities contribute to a diversified economy.
Speaking on the same occasion, World Bank Sector Manager for Africa Region, Mr Albert Zeufack, said natural gas is part of the solution to Tanzania’s energy crisis and is essential for diversification of the economy.
“Natural gas is an opportunity for the current generation to pass a proud and prosperous Tanzania to the next generation. It will, however, not turn Tanzania into a gas-rich country overnight,” Mr Zeufack said.
The WB executive said it was high time the government put in place a predictable framework ahead of major future investments in natural gas.
He also noted that while substantial revenues from the sub-sector may take about 10 years to flow, essential regulatory, fiscal and commercial steps must come before project development can proceed.
“There is also a need to build the capacity to implement and develop human capital through the education system on general, technical and vocational training, in a bid to make it demand driven and thus avoid skills mismatch,” he explained.
CHADEMA secretary general Wilibroad Slaa friday October 19 2012 lost in a lawsuit in which he requested the High Court to set aside a petition by his former wife, Ms Rose Kamili, who seeks to block the politician’s new marriage.
Ms Kamili wants the court to declare unlawful, null and void the new relationship between Josephine Mushumbusi and Slaa, which the two intend to formalise.
Dr Slaa had asked the court to strike out the petition because Ms Kamili, also Chadema’s Special Seats MP, did not have authority to block the marriage because she is not his legal wife.
But Judge Lawrence Kaduri said that, according to section 160(2) of the Marriage Act of 1971, Ms Kamili had the right to file the petition and that the court had authority to hear and determine it.
Ms Kamili also sought a declaration that her marriage with Dr Slaa exists, and that there cannot be another valid marriage after it.
Dr Slaa is blessed with two children with the Special Seats MP, with whom he started a relationship in 1985.
Ms Kamili also wants the court to order Ms Mushumbusi to pay her Sh500 million in damages for adultery and causing Dr Slaa to desert her and his family. Additionally, she wants Sh50 million in compensation for expenses incurred in the maintenance of herself and her family.
The government has been asked to spend half of the 9.5bn/- allocated for small miners in the country this financial year to construct a miners building that will be used for both local and international gemstone and mineral shows.
Chairman of the Eastern Zone of Tanzania Small Gemstone Dealers Organisation (TASGEDO), Mr Paulo Mbwambo, said at the weekend that the proposed building would promote trade in gemstones and industrial minerals in the country.
Speaking at the annual meeting of TASGEDO held at the Destafano Hotel in Dar es Salaam over the weekend, Mr Mbwambo said the proposed building, should have a conference hall that will be used to showcase Tanzanite, sapphires, ruby, diamonds and industrial minerals such as copper, iron, nickel and uranium.
“All Tanzanians with gemstone or industrial minerals would be able to bring to the show for foreigners to purchase easily and consequently enable the government to increase its revenue,” Mr Mbwambo explained. On the recent announcement by the Ministry for Energy and Minerals on changes for fees by miners, the TASGEDO chairman said the idea has been floated and implemented without consulting them.
“Worse, the changes were just too high for small scale miners and gemstone dealers”, he argued. The ministry has increased Primary Mining Licence (PML) from 50,000/- to 100,000/-. Broker’s licence had been raised from 320,000/- to 800,000/-, export licence from 550,000/- to 1,200 US dollars (about.1, 800,000/-) and export permit from 25,000/- to 100 US dollars (about 150,000/-) per annum.
“This is not fair to local gemstones dealers but it could be ideal to foreigners who have big capital. We advise the Ministry for Energy and Minerals to reduce the fees,” TASGEDO chairman appealed. He requested the ministry to call for a joint meeting between the ministry and minerals’ stakeholders so as to get their views and opinions on the new fees with the express hope of reducing them.
Mr Mbwambo noted that even the previous licence fees were beyond the reach of some gemstone and minerals dealers, leading them to lose their mineral plots. Furthermore, he added, there is too much delays in issuance of mineral licences leading to many mineral plot conflicts, he added.
TASGEDO, he suggested that application for licence should take between one and three months and that broker licence regulations should be uniform, from one zone to another and allow two brokers to get one broker licence.
“Currently, two brokers can get a licence in Arusha, three brokers can get one in Mtwara but four brokers seeking a licence in Dar es Salaam can’t get it. We do not want this disparity. The law is the same for all the regions, why should there be a rough playing field? We want equal service under the law”, Mr Mbwambo said.
FOUR Tanzania People’s Defence Forces (TPDF) trucks and a Land Rover full of heavily armed soldiers arrived in the Kariakoo section of the city in the afternoon and took control of the streets, signaling that the people should disperse.
The soldiers were reportedly called in at the request of the police, who asked for back-up to patrol the streets of Kariakoo just in case the riots get out of hand.
But Dar es Salaam Special Police Zone commander Suleiman Kova told a local radio station that TPDF men were there on their own business and declined to say more.
Police engaged with the small groups of protestors who eventually coalesced into a big crowd with the intention of marching to State House.
Tensions built up even more after the police blocked the group near Msimbazi police station in Kariakoo as the protestors attempted to make their way to Ikulu.
Business came to a standstill in many parts of Kariakoo as most shops remained closed and traders vacated the busy section of the city for fear that they might get caught up in the kind of religious clashes that have rocked Dar es Salaam and Zanzibar this week.
According to leaflets distributed in Temeke, Kinondoni and Kariakoo, the demonstrators were making their feelings known about the desecration of the Quran and the arrest of the chairman of the Council of Islamic Organisations, Sheikh Panda Issa Ponda.
They were also demanding answers on the disappearance on Tuesday of Sheikh Sheikh Farid Hadi Ahmed, the leader of the Association of Islamic Mobilization and Propagation, popularly known as Uamsho.
Fliers at the scene suggested that President Kikwete was on the side of Christians after he visited churches that were destroyed last Friday by angry Muslim youths who were protesting at the 14-year-old’s action.
The drama began after he got into argument with his Muslim friend, who said the holy book had the powers to turn any one who defiled it into a snake or he would go mad. “The President is defending Christians,” said one demonstrator. “We all witnessed when he visited churches and consoled the kafir who defiled our book.”
Minor confrontations were reported in Mtambani mosque in Kinondoni and Kichangani mosque in Magomeni but they did not last long after police intervened. A police helicopter hovered over parts of the city to beef up security. At least 50 people were arrested in the fracas.
Relative calm returned Kariakoo around 4pm yesterday but security was still tight as darkness dark fell.
Before the soldiers were called in yesterday, Dar es Salaam Special Police Zone Commander Suleiman Kova told a local radio that the TPDF would be deployed if the situation remained tense.
Spots check by our representertive indicated tight security at Saint Karoli Lwanga church in Yombo Dovya. Priest, nuns and other workers had to leave after they received threats that youths would invade the church after Friday prayers.
Zanzibar still tense
In the meantime, reports from Zanzibar said violent clashes continued for the second day yesterday. One person was shot dead by police at midnight on Thursday.
M2S leant that Salum Hassan Muhoja, 30 and a resident of Regeza Mwendo on the outskirts of Zanzibar, was shot dead near Amaan as he passed by a bar and guest house destroyed during Thursday’s clashes. Police fired live bullets and teargas canisters as they confronted scores of youths demanding the release of Sheik Hadi Ahamed, whom they believe is in the police hands.
Meanwhile, there are mounting fears that the violence could get out of control—and eventually pose a threat to national security and stability.
Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete, President of Tanzania, left the Sultanate on Friday after a several-day official visit during which he was received by His Majesty Sultan Qaboos Bin Said.
Kikwete was seen off by HE Yousuf Bin Alawi Bin Abdullah, Minister Responsible for Foreign Affairs, HE Eng. Ali Bin Masoud Al Sunaidy, Minister of Commerce and Industry, HE Yahia Bin Mousa Al Bakri, the Sultanate’s Ambassador accredited to Tanzania, and members of the Tanzanian embassy in the Sultanate.
The Tanzanian president was accompanied by Bernard Kamillius Membe, Minister for Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, professor Sospeter Muhongo, Minister for Energy and Mineral Resources, Dr Abdallah Kigoda, Minister for Trade and Industry, Dr William Mgimwa. Minister for Finance, Haroun Ali Suliman, Minister of Labour, Cooperation and Economic Development in Zanzibar, HE Dr Ali Ahmed Saleh, Tanzanian Ambassador to the Sultanate, and a number of Tanzanian officials.
KONGAMANO la ndani lililoandaliwa na Asasi isiyo ya kiserikali ya Community Right Development Organization (HAKI-MADINI) Ijumaa Septemba 21, 2012, kwa ajili ya kuwajengea uwezo wanahabari kuhusiana na mambo mbalimbali ya Katiba mpya hususan maliasilia limeibua mjadala mzito.
Haki-Madini inayojishugulisha na uchechemuaji pamoja na uzengezi (ushawishi na utetezi) wa wachimbaji wadogo huku wakiwa wamejikita katika kuwajengea uwezo watanzania hao.
Kauli za mchokoza mada iliyotolewa na Erick Luwongo mratibu wa Katiba wa Asasi ya HAKI-MADINI uliainisha mapungufu kadhaa ambayo yasipofanyiwa kazi katika katiba ijayo haitaweza kukidhi haja na kuitwa Katiba ya Watanzania.
Mbali na Erick Luwongo washiriki mbalimbali walioudhuria kongamano hilo wengi wao wakiwa wanahabari pamoja na wanasheria kutoka maeneo yanayoizunguka Arusha waliiasa serikali kuboresha mchakato unaoendelea wa kukusanya maoni ya wananchi ili kuliwezesha taifa kupata katiba yenye hadhi ya kuitwa ya watazania.
Miongoni wa hoja zilizojitokeza katika kongamano hilo la katiba lililofanyika kwenye hoteli ya SG Resort katikati ya jiji la Arusha zililenga katika maeneo makuu ya mali asilia, sheria mpya ya marekebisho ya Katiba na muungano.
Luwongo ndiye aliyepata muda mrefu wa kuainisha mapungufu yanayoonekana katika mchakato unaoendelea hususan sheria iliyopitishwa ambayo anasema inaipa mamlaka makubwa tume ya katiba na kuwanyima fursa wananchi ambao ndiyo walengwa wakuu katika mchakato huu.
Tofauti na makongamano mengine, Luwongo aliwasilisha hoja ambayo inahusu mali asilia na kuonyesha namna katiba inavyo waacha watanzania wazawa pembeni bila kuonyesha watafaidika vipi na rasilimali hizo.
“Ibara ya 27 kifungu cha kwanza katika katiba ya Jamuhuri ya muungano wa Tanzania imebainisha wazi kuwa kila mtu anayo haki na wajibu wa kulinda mali asilia lakini haijaweka wazi walinde vipi na watafaidika na nini kwa ulinzi wao” alibainisha Luwongo.
Hapa ndipo kuna tatizo kubwa, Serikali imejiweka pembeni na kuchukuwa jukumu la kuwa mtumiaji na huku ikimuacha huyu mlindaji (mwananchi) bila faida yoyote kwa kazi yake ya ulinzi, alifafanua Luwongo.
Jovita Mlay mwanaharakati mwenye taaluma ya sheria alipopata nafasi ya kuchangia aliikosoa serikali kwa tabia yake ya kila mara yanapojitokeza matatizo mazito katika suala la muungano, watawala hufikiria njia ya mkato ili kuziba midomo ya watu wanaohoji au wanaokosoa, ndiyo maana mwaka jana chini ya sheria ya marekebisho ya Katiba kuna kifungu kinachozuia uhuru wa kujadili muungano alisema.
Sheria hiyo inataka wananchi wajadili kwa lengo la kuboresha tu muungano. Kwa lugha nyingine, wale wenye maoni tofauti watakuwa wanajisumbua kutoa maoni kwa mtazamo tofauti na muundo wa serikali mbili.
Washiriki walikumbushwa kuwa Rais wa kwanza na Baba wa Taifa Mwalimu Julius Nyerere alipokuwa anazima madai ya wabunge 55 mwaka 1994 ambao walikuja kujulikana kama G55 baada ya kuanzisha mchakato wa kudai Tanganyika alisema “wote wanaotaka Tanganyika kwanza watoke CCM maana muungano wa serikali mbili ni sera ya chama hicho tawala”.
Wakati sheria inakataza wananchi kuhoji muungano wa serikali mbili au inakataza kujadili kwa mtazamo tofauti, maelfu ya watu wanahudhuria mikutano inayoitishwa na kikundi cha Uamsho chenye msimamo mkali dhidi ya muungano.
Nilipojipa kazi ya uchunguzi wa mikutano ya jumuiya hiyo na hata ninaposoma habari za mihadhara yao, maelfu ya watu wanaohudhuria mikutano wakiulizwa kama wanataka muungano uendelee au uvunjwe, sauti husikika zikisema Uvunjwe.”
Hawa ni Wazanzibari. Hawa hawapaswi kupuuzwa kwa mbinu za sheria, tishio la kufungwa au adhabu nyingine yoyote.
Serikali inataka isikie sauti za watu gani ili ikubali kuwa umefika wakati wa kutoa fursa watu watoe dukuduku zao? Si tuliambiwa kuwa muundo wa muungano wa serikali mbili ni sera ya CCM, sasa kwa nini sera ya CCM inalindwa kwa sheria? alihoji Amani Mustafha mkurugenzi wa asasi ya Haki-Madini
Kwa majibu hayo, vyama vingine vyote havifungwi na sera hiyo. Sera ya Chama cha Wananchi (CUF) na hata Chama cha Demokrasia na Maendeleo (CHADEMA) ni muungano wa mfumo wa serikali tatu.
Kama muungano ni wa serikali basi waachiwe watawala wafanye wanavyotaka. Ila kama muungano unawahusu watu wapewe fursa ya kuujadili kama tunavyojadili maeneo mengine tunayosema yamepitwa na wakati. kwa wengine muungano huu umepitwa na wakati.
Tume zote zilizoundwa na marais waliopita na hasa ile Tume ya Jaji Robert Kisanga (1999), japo haikupewa hadidu za rejea kujadili muungano, walioulizwa walitaka Zanzibar yao.
“Kwa hiyo, sheria iliyowekwa leo kuzuia watu kuujadili kwa uhuru ni woga wa watawala kuonekana wao wamevunja muungano huo” alisema Mwandishi nguli Abiba Suedi.
Pamoja na Mchakato kupitia hatua nyingi na kusimamiwa na chma tawala lakini lililo wazi ni katiba mpya siyo ajenda ya chama tawala kwa kuwa haiko katika ilani yao. Rais Jakaya Kikwete aliamua kuiweka baada ya kuona huitaji wa watanzania.
Rais alitumia maneno yaliyowapa furaha watu kwamba watapata katiba mpya wakati yeye alikuwa na maana ya kufanyia marekebisho. “Tutahuisha katiba iliyopo,” alinukuliwa akisema. Hii ina maana kuipa uhai, kwa lugha ya kingereza ni Kurenew.
Elimu kwa wananchi, Haki ya kugawana na kutolea maamuzi mali asilia zetu pamoja na haki kwa wanawake bila kusahau tulipotoka tulipo sasa na tunapokwenda ni baadhi ya mambo muhimu ya kuzingatiwa katika mchakato wa katiba mpya, ni jukumu letu sote kushiriki katika mchakato huu hili tupate katiba inayostahili kuitwa ya watanzania.
Makala hii pia ilitoka kwenye Gazeti la TAZAMA Tolea Na, 520
Iranian oil tankers are mistakenly signaling their flag state as Tanzania-Zanzibar and no such registration took place, according to a government official from the east African territory.
The 14 ships, previously registered in the Pacific island of Tuvalu, transmitted data from Sept. 24 to Oct. 13 to show they changed their names and were flying the Tanzania-Zanzibar flag, according to data compiled by a unit of Englewood, Colorado-based IHS (IHS) Inc. The company maintains a global shipping database for the United Nations’ maritime agency.
“This must be a mistake,” Abdullah Kombo, director of planning, policy and research at Zanzibar’s Ministry of Infrastructure and Communications, said by phone Oct. 15. The following day he forwarded confirmation from his country’s ship registry that the vessels aren’t entitled to fly the flag.
Iranian tankers have been switching flag states as the U.S. and European Union tighten sanctions on the country over its nuclear program. The EU banned imports of the Middle East nation’s oil in July under legislation that also prohibited any vessel insured in the 27-country bloc from carrying the crude. Zanzibar, a semi-autonomous part of the United Republic of Tanzania, said Aug. 10 it would stop registering Iranian vessels, and Tuvalu announced the same decision six days later.
The tankers are operated by Tehran-based NITC, which says it is owned by Iranian pension funds. Three phone calls and an e-mail on Oct. 16 and 17 to Habib-ullah Seyedan, NITC’s commercial director, weren’t returned. NITC Chairman Hamid Behbahani didn’t respond to phone calls or an e-mail yesterday. Three calls to NITC’s switchboard weren’t answered.
Nine of the tankers are going to Asia, according to the signals. One is in the Mediterranean heading for Turkey and the others are returning to the Persian Gulf. Nine of the vessels have depths in the water that indicate they may have cargoes on board. Eleven are very large crude carriers, each able to haul about 2 million barrels of oil.
Merchant ships transmit data such as location, destination, name and flag state through so-called automatic identification systems, designed to avoid collisions with other vessels and improve safety at sea. IHS maintains the database with information from ship registries, signals from carriers, classification societies and other sources, said Richard Hurley, a senior maritime data specialist at the Redhill, England-based IHS Fairplay unit.
The concentration of the maritime insurance industry in Europe means the EU sanctions extend to about 95 percent of the global tanker fleet. That leaves Iran, once OPEC’s second- largest producer, more reliant than ever on its own vessels to export crude. Shipments probably averaged 1.2 million barrels a day so far this month, compared with about 2.4 million in 2011, according to data compiled by Bloomberg through Oct. 15.
NITC switched at least 10 tankers to Tanzania-Zanzibar from registries in Cyprus and Malta before the EU sanctions began July 1, IHS data show. Those ships are no longer registered and no new Iranian tankers have been added since then, Kombo said. The Tanzania Zanzibar International Register of Shipping manages the flagging of Zanzibar’s ships.
The 14 Iranian carriers now signaling Tanzania-Zanzibar as their flag state are listed on the Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons List of the U.S. Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control. That freezes assets and bars U.S. citizens from dealing with them. Each vessel appears under its International Maritime Organization number, a six-digit identifier assigned to ships for life by the UN agency.
Carriers have no obligation under IMO rules to signal flag states through the AIS system, Lee Adamson, a spokesman for the London-based agency, wrote in an e-mail Oct. 17. Mistakes usually result from operator error, particularly with newly installed equipment, Adamson said.
While the U.S. and EU say Iran’s nuclear research is a cover for developing atomic weapons, the government in Tehran contends it is for civilian purposes.
BREAKING News!!! It now clear that there is continuing violence at Kariakoo areas where some Muslims are marching towards the Kidongo Chekundu and the police are using tear gas to prevent demonstrations. The situation has been volatile and the police are forced to use Helicopter to prevent such violence that pose potential threats to peace in Dar es Salaam.
PHOTOS OF THIS EVENT WILL BE UPLOADED SHORTLY.
Citizens who are living in Magomeni areas in Dar, early they wetness military vehicles which were carrying armed soldiers passing as they were going to Kariakoo street.
M2S have been informed that Magomeni at Kichangani street things have currently stabilized after police used tear gas and water cannons to disperse crowd That Had taken part in demonstrations. Police are now seen at the mosque entrance. in Kichangani Street.