Tanzania should stick to existing agreements in the fast-growing mining sector or investors will lose confidence, the company which owns the country’s biggest gold mine said on Saturday.

Major international miners are still in talks with the government two years after it passed mining legislation that included a rise in royalties on gold exports to 4 percent of gross value from 3 percent of netback value.

The law also required mining companies to pay the government 0.3 percent of their annual turnover, up from the previous requirement of a maximum $200,000 a year.

AngloGold Ashanti told Reuters it expected the Dodoma government to respect its mineral development agreement, which it said was a legal contract signed before the new mining legislation was put in place.

“Our investors obviously expect that those contracts should be honored because they’ve made an investment for the long term,” Gary Davies, managing director of AngloGold’s Geita gold mine said in an interview.

“What’s key is that the goal posts are stable because otherwise investors will need to factor that into their investments. I think any investor would be concerned about that, we are no different.”

East Africa’s second biggest economy argues it is not seeing the fruits of soaring commodity prices, in particular gold. It plans to increase the mining sector’s contribution to the economy to 10 percent of GDP by 2025 from 3.3 percent last year.

But the miners say hiking taxes and increasing royalties is the wrong approach. They say Tanzania should focus on attracting more investors and issuing additional mining licenses.

Tanzania is Africa’s fourth biggest gold producer. Gold export earnings jumped 47 percent to $2.226 billion last year.


Major gold mining companies in Tanzania include African Barrick Gold Plc, which has four gold-producing mines, AngloGold Ashanti Ltd and Resolute Mining Ltd.

Tanzania’s energy and minerals ministry declared in July that all mining companies had agreed to pay the new royalty rate from May and said the government would keep mining contracts under review in a bid to deepen their economic contributions.

African Barrick Gold, which has four gold mines in Tanzania, is however the only company that has so far publicly announced it will pay the new 4 percent royalty rate.

AngloGold’s Davies said negotiations continued over several aspects of the 2010 legislation.

“Investors need to have that degree of certainty and stability in order to put large investments over the long term.”

The Geita mine recorded revenues in excess of $4.2 billion over the past decade and paid $683 million to the Treasury during the period in corporate tax, royalties, withholding taxes, payroll taxes and other fees, Davies said.

“Last year we produced 494,000 ounces and we are looking to be in a similar range this year,” he said.

Laurent Coche, AngloGold’s senior vice-president for sustainability in Africa, said the company wanted talks with Tanzania about how to boost growth of the mining sector.

“There is also a need to distinguish between the short-term issues and long-term issues. We would be willing to be part of a conversation around developing the country’s mining vision … looking at 20 or 30 years down the road,” Coche told Reuters.

Other mining companies contacted on the matter directed Reuters to the Tanzania Chamber of Minerals and Energy (TCME), which represents the interests of mining investors.

It has said mining contracts all included fiscal stability clauses and that the unstable legal environment was hindering growth in the mining sector.

African Barrick Gold’s Tulawaka gold mine and Resolute Mine’s Golden Pride mine are both expected to close down in mid-2013 after depleting their reserves, although work is underway to explore possibilities of mine-life extension.



THE commonly accepted approach is to benchmark your performance against best practices in your sector.

It is therefore legitimate to ask what lessons Swapo can draw from Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM) of Tanzania whose leadership transmission process seems to consistently strengthen party and country unity and avoid the divisive negative emotional fallout that has haunted our process since the 2004 Swapo congress.


Both countries were former German colonies. Our leaders and fellow party members chose Tanzania as their first home away from home when they embarked on the armed liberation struggle. Hence the reference often made to the Tanganyika Group. No other African sister party or country had as much influence on the political values and principles espoused by the Swapo leaders and members. The Tanganyika spirit within Swapo has more to do with a common shared ideological understanding than just party members who actually physically resided in Tanganyika. CCM is therefore a legitimate respected political benchmarking model.


The common understanding is based on two simple principles, namely that:
1. Each succeeding president is to be alternately selected from a Tanganyika and from a Zanzibar CCM member.
2. When both contesting nominees come from the same part of the country CCM historically showed a bias in favour of the younger candidate.
This common understanding shared and defended by all CCM members alike has contributed to Ali Hassan Mwinyi succeeding Julius Nyerere when he was 60. Benjamin Mkapa succeeded Ali Hassan Mwinyi when he was 57 years old and Jakaya Kikwete succeeded Benjamin Mkapa as president when he was 55 years old.


Julius Mwalimu Nyerere himself explains the first underlying principle as follows: “African nationalism is meaningless, dangerous, anachronistic, if it is not, at the same time, pan-Africanism.” CCM likewise views leaders selected only from one part of the union as meaningless, dangerous and anachronistic.

The second pillar evolved from the 30-year practice through which CCM wanted to set a maximum age at which the president may assume office, as the Tanzanian constitution, like our Namibian Constitution, sets a minimum age limit but not a maximum age limit. The evolved CCM practice is that the candidate must not be older than 60 when he/she assumes the office of president.

Yes, if we agree that the same analysis made the founders of the Owambo People’s Organisation (OPO) conclude, long before they reached Tanganyika, that tribalism is meaningless, dangerous and anachronistic irrespective of who practises it, as it gives legitimacy to the apartheid Bantustan ideology conceived to divide African people to rule them better. The rational OPO founders concluded that to combat the common enemy OPO as well as all together tribal-mindset-based parties had to be dissolved to together with all progressive patriotic forces form the unitary, nationalistic and pan-African Swapo.

The Founding Father preserved that progressive nationalist spirit over the 50-year history of Swapo, as proven by prominent personalities from all the regions of Namibia who played an eminent role in the pre- and post-independence party leadership.

This common understanding on which Swapo was founded was first challenged when Pendukeni Ithana, with the blessing of the Founding Father, nominated Hage Geingob as party VP.
The ideologically confused pretext for the challenge, then as now, was that the President should not interfere with the right of members to freely designate their successor.

The absence of evergreen CCM-like Swapo leadership transmission guidelines shows, however, that like in 2004 some are now again using the same pretext to yet again impose choices that are ideologically inconsistent with the inclusive nationalistic pan-African ‘One Namibia, One Nation … One Continent, One People’ premise for which OPO was dissolved and the Swapo Party created.

The rotation of highest party leadership posts between candidates from three geographic regions (north, central and south), together with strict application of the 60-year age cap and the gender inclusiveness requirement, should allow us to arrive at evergreen consensual nominations which, like the CCM example, will strengthen our party/country unity and remove any suspicion of tribal-based considerations. No progressive party entertains the intellectually dishonest argument that only one region holds monopoly over all leadership talent in a country.



Ms Anne Makinda speaker of the National Assembly is expected to lead a delegation of five parliamentarians at the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) summit to be held in Quebec, Canada.

The meeting, which is scheduled to start today (Sunday) will run through October 26, this year, in the North American country.

Ms Makinda will be accompanied by Mr Hamad Rashid Mohamed (Wawi-CUF), Ms Susan Lyimo (Special Seats-CHADEMA), Mr David Kafulila (Kigoma South-NCCR Mageuzi) and Ms Pudenciana Kikwembe (Special Seats-CCM).

According to a statement issued by the Communication Unit of Parliament in Dar es Salaam yesterday, the meeting under the theme ‘Citizenship, Identity and Linguistic and Culture Diversity in a Globalized World’ aims at strengthening parliamentary diplomacy among IPU member states across the world.

Apart from the main theme, MPs from IPU will also discuss in smaller groups a number of sub-themes such as enforcing the responsibility to protect the role of Parliament in safeguarding civilians’ lives and fair trade and innovative financing mechanism for sustainable development.

The meeting will also discuss the use of media including social media to enhance citizen engagement and democracy. The Tanzanian delegation will in addition have the opportunity to meet with the IPU Secretary General, Mr Anders Johnsson.

This follows the honorary award to Tanzania to host a seminar for women parliamentarians in East, Central and Southern Africa in December, this year. The seminar will have the theme:

“Preventing and Responding to violence against Women: From legislation to effective enforcement,” and it is expected to be attended by more than 100 women parliamentarians from the Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) and East Africa regions.


Tanzania’s Prime Minister Mizengo Pinda

Tanzania has told Malawi that it can go ahead with the exploration of oil and gas on Lake Malawi as long as it is within its borders on the north eastern part of the lake.

Tanzania’s Prime Minister Mizengo Pinda told the BBC on Thursday that international practices give his country half of the lake, therefore Malawi can go ahead with the exploration of gas and oil exercise strictly on its waters.

“If Malawi does the exploration, it should be on understanding that we have a border then there is no problem. If they do this in disregard to the border then we say no, the lake is not [wholly] yours,” said Pinda.

President Joyce Banda, who was in Brussels for European Union meetings, reported Tanzania to the African Union whose leadership assured Malawi that the continental body would work tirelessly to resolve the border dispute.

Answering a question on why Tanzania’s security officials harassed Malawian fishermen, the prime minister said it could be that the Mala-wians drifted into Tanzania’s waters therefore the security officials had an obligation to question any other foreigner.

“It’s true we questioned them why they had gone that way, we told them go back where you belong,” he said.

He said although there is the border dispute between Malawi and Tanzania, his country wants to resolve the matter peacefully, saying the two countries have co-existed peacefully for a long time.

He dismissed reports that Tanzania is expanding its borders into Malawi because of the discovery of oil and gas on Lake Malawi, which is called Lake Nyassa in Tanzania, saying the issue started long ago.

The Anglo-Germany Treaty of 1890 also known as Heligoland Treaty, gave Malawi the sole ownership of Lake Malawi but Tanzania’s President Jakaya Kikwete argues the treaty was flawed and needs revisiting.

Malawi wants the UN secretary general’s office to mediate in the lake border dispute and that Dodoma should commit itself to the International Court of Justice determinations, according to Foreign Affairs Minister Ephraim Chiume.



SPEAKER of Zanzibar’s House of Representatives, Mr Pandu Ameir Kificho temporarily cancelled Friday’s morning session due to a boycott by Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM) backbenchers.

“According to the House regulations section 72, business in the House can only proceed with at least half of the 82 members in the House. We are only 24 at this time,” Mr Omar Ali Shehe (CUF-Chakechake) complained to the speaker. In response to the legislator’s concern, the Speaker adjourned the session for about five to ten minutes as he ordered the boycotters to return to the session.

They returned to the House and the number increased to 45 a quorum required for business to resume. CCM backbenchers boycotted the House on Thursday morning protesting the unrest and asked the Speaker to allow a private motion to discuss political situation in the Islands but the Speaker rejected the motion.

CCM backbenchers blamed the Government and police for not doing enough to stop the unrest in the Stone Town. The unrest has greatly affected business in Stone Town, scaring away tourists.In a related incidence, it was reported that a man named Salum Hassan, 30, was shot dead on Thursday night when he and four others attempted to break into an alcohol store.

The Commissioner of Police- Zanzibar Mr Mussa Ali Mussa said that death had not been reported to the police at that time, however sources claim the deceased was shot by a soldier from the Zanzibar Unit who was guarding the store at Amani area. Four others were injured.On Tuesday night a police officer from Field Force Unit (FFU) was killed by thugs armed with machetes as he was riding back home from duty.

More than 51 people are in police custody for taking part in the unrest linked to the alleged disappearance of Muslim cleric Sheikh Farid Hadi Ahmed. It was relatively calm in most parts of Zanzibar after riot police took control. Only spotted incidents of clashes between police and few youths were reported after Friday prayers.

In a related development, the Zanzibar Broadcasting Commission (ZBC) has ordered all broadcasting station in Zanzibar not to cover news about Uamsho, the Muslim Islam group accused of causing unrest in Zanzibar.

In a letter dated 19/10/2012 to the station, signed by Ms Mtumwa Mzee, on behalf of the executive director of the Commission, it states that a blackout should be observed immediately, and TVs and radio stations should not cover UAMSHO or risk disciplinary measures.


THE Tanzania Football Federation (TFF) Election Committee has dismantled and ordered for a formation of a new team that will oversee the Dar es Salaam Regional Football Association (DRFA) elections.

A statement issued by the TFF Election Committee, Chairman, Deogratius Lyatto said his committee, which met on Thursday to go through various appeals decided to disband the DRFA election committee,following massive irregularities.The committee also ordered for a fresh start of the election process within the Dar es Salaam soccer body starting October 29 and the election conducted on December 8, this year.

“DRFA election committee under the Chairmanship of the former TFF boss, Muhidin Ndolanga has been dismantled and they have been directed to form a new one according to the laid down election procedures by October 25,” said Lyatto in a statement. Moreover, he directed that all contestants who have been cleared should pick in and fill in forms afresh but they should not repay for the form, should they be seeking for a similar post before the elections process was cancelled.

Among the irregularities which forced the Lyatto committee to go for stern measures are endorsing the current DRFA Chairman, Amin Mohamed Salim (Bakhressa) to vie for the same post without seeing his original Form IV certificate, which is the minimum qualification for the post.

The committee said Michael Wambura filed the appeal claiming that, Bakhressa lacked the required qualifications and was not eligible to contest in the election.They granted him his appeal after going though the evidence and they were satisfied that Bakhressa did not have the Secondary School Certificate thus he is not allowed to vie for the post in the coming election.

The DRFA Committee, Lyatto said also made a mistake in endorsing the contestants while knowing that there were outright violation of election procedure in the whole issue.”The whole issue was a mess, the DRFA out rightly violated the election procedures by favouring others and denying others their right, by so doing, we have ordered for a fresh process,” said Lyatto.

He cited a case where the DRFA election committee also endorsed contestants Gungurugwa Tambaza, Mohammed Bhinda, Benny Kisaka and Hamisi Ayoub Mpapai without having evidence that they have the Academic Certificate of Ordinary Secondary Education. However, in their deliberation, Lyatto said the committee also quashed Wambura’s appeal that the DRFA constitution as well as the region’s election committee was not legally formed, saying all procedures were adhered to.

The committee also met to discuss appeal from Mbeya Regional Football Association (MRFA) petitioning John Mwamwaja to vie for the Chairman post within the association. Lyatto’s committee endorsed the contestant after they satisfied themselves that the appellant claims lacked grounds.

Moreover, Lusekelo E. Mwanjala, who was disqualified to vie for the Chairman post has been cleared to continue with the race as well as Thadeo T. Kalua, who can now seek election for the TFF General Assembly representative.Lyatto said they have also pushed back for four-day to October 25, election of Shinyanga Regional Football Association (SHIREFA).



TANZANIA has no immediate plans to export its natural gas even as it boasts some reserves of 3 trillion cubic feet, until it meets local demands which, among others, include power generation and industrial use.

Chief Secretary Ambassador Ombeni Sefue made the remarks in Dar es Salaam while addressing reporters shortly after a meeting with high-level scoping mission, that visited the country with the aim of exchanging notes on successes and challenges in natural resource management.

“We must meet the domestic demand first. The available gas will also be used as a raw material for petro-chemicals and fertilizer industries,” Ambassador Sefue said.

He said although the gas reserve is sufficient for local demand, the country cannot be ranked yet as one of the major gas producers.

Ambassador Sefue noted that the government was currently training local experts who would also help negotiate well with investors in the energy sub-sector.

The mission which was invited by Tanzania comprised representatives from the African Development Bank (AfDB), China and UK’s Department for International Development (DFID).

Other members of the mission were from the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the European Union (EU) and Germany, all working together in the spirit of the Paris Declaration on donor coordination and harmonization.

According to Ambassador Sefue, the private sector and government can cooperate to enable Tanzanian businesses and individuals to supply goods and services to natural gas projects.

He, however, cautioned that for local entrepreneurs to venture in the sector, they would need support to ensure that gas and its related activities contribute to a diversified economy.

Speaking on the same occasion, World Bank Sector Manager for Africa Region, Mr Albert Zeufack, said natural gas is part of the solution to Tanzania’s energy crisis and is essential for diversification of the economy.

“Natural gas is an opportunity for the current generation to pass a proud and prosperous Tanzania to the next generation. It will, however, not turn Tanzania into a gas-rich country overnight,” Mr Zeufack said.

The WB executive said it was high time the government put in place a predictable framework ahead of major future investments in natural gas.

He also noted that while substantial revenues from the sub-sector may take about 10 years to flow, essential regulatory, fiscal and commercial steps must come before project development can proceed.

“There is also a need to build the capacity to implement and develop human capital through the education system on general, technical and vocational training, in a bid to make it demand driven and thus avoid skills mismatch,” he explained.



CHADEMA secretary general Wilibroad Slaa friday October 19 2012 lost in a lawsuit in which he requested the High Court to set aside a petition by his former wife, Ms Rose Kamili, who seeks to block the politician’s new marriage.

 Ms Kamili wants the court to declare unlawful, null and void the new relationship between Josephine Mushumbusi and Slaa, which the two intend to formalise.

Dr Slaa had asked the court to strike out the petition because Ms Kamili, also Chadema’s Special Seats MP, did not have authority to block the marriage because she is not his legal wife.

But Judge Lawrence Kaduri said that, according to section 160(2) of the Marriage Act of 1971, Ms Kamili had the right to file the petition and that the court had authority to hear and determine it.

Ms Kamili also sought a declaration that her marriage with Dr Slaa exists, and that there cannot be another valid marriage after it.

Dr Slaa is blessed with two children with the Special Seats MP, with whom he started a relationship in 1985.

Ms Kamili also wants the court to order Ms Mushumbusi to pay her Sh500 million in damages for adultery and causing Dr Slaa to desert her and his family. Additionally, she wants Sh50 million in compensation for expenses incurred in the maintenance of herself and her family.


The government has been asked to spend half of the 9.5bn/- allocated for small miners in the country this financial year to construct a miners building that will be used for both local and international gemstone and mineral shows.


Chairman of the Eastern Zone of Tanzania Small Gemstone Dealers Organisation (TASGEDO), Mr Paulo Mbwambo, said at the weekend that the proposed building would promote trade in gemstones and industrial minerals in the country.

Speaking at the annual meeting of TASGEDO held at the Destafano Hotel in Dar es Salaam over the weekend, Mr Mbwambo said the proposed building, should have a conference hall that will be used to showcase Tanzanite, sapphires, ruby, diamonds and industrial minerals such as copper, iron, nickel and uranium.

“All Tanzanians with gemstone or industrial minerals would be able to bring to the show for foreigners to purchase easily and consequently enable the government to increase its revenue,” Mr Mbwambo explained. On the recent announcement by the Ministry for Energy and Minerals on changes for fees by miners, the TASGEDO chairman said the idea has been floated and implemented without consulting them.

“Worse, the changes were just too high for small scale miners and gemstone dealers”, he argued. The ministry has increased Primary Mining Licence (PML) from 50,000/- to 100,000/-. Broker’s licence had been raised from 320,000/- to 800,000/-, export licence from 550,000/- to 1,200 US dollars (about.1, 800,000/-) and export permit from 25,000/- to 100 US dollars (about 150,000/-) per annum.

“This is not fair to local gemstones dealers but it could be ideal to foreigners who have big capital. We advise the Ministry for Energy and Minerals to reduce the fees,” TASGEDO chairman appealed. He requested the ministry to call for a joint meeting between the ministry and minerals’ stakeholders so as to get their views and opinions on the new fees with the express hope of reducing them.

Mr Mbwambo noted that even the previous licence fees were beyond the reach of some gemstone and minerals dealers, leading them to lose their mineral plots. Furthermore, he added, there is too much delays in issuance of mineral licences leading to many mineral plot conflicts, he added.

TASGEDO, he suggested that application for licence should take between one and three months and that broker licence regulations should be uniform, from one zone to another and allow two brokers to get one broker licence.

“Currently, two brokers can get a licence in Arusha, three brokers can get one in Mtwara but four brokers seeking a licence in Dar es Salaam can’t get it. We do not want this disparity. The law is the same for all the regions, why should there be a rough playing field? We want equal service under the law”, Mr Mbwambo said.


Tanzania People’s Defence Forces soldiers on there vehicles were capture wile driving to Kariakoo, Dar es Salaam, yesterday during clashes between rioters and security personnel

FOUR Tanzania People’s Defence Forces (TPDF) trucks and a Land Rover full of heavily armed soldiers arrived in the Kariakoo section of the city in the afternoon and took control of the streets, signaling that the people should disperse.

The soldiers were reportedly called in at the request of the police, who asked for back-up to patrol the streets of Kariakoo  just in case the riots get out of hand.

But Dar es Salaam Special Police Zone commander Suleiman Kova told a local radio station that TPDF men were there on their own business and declined to say more.

Police engaged with the small groups of protestors who eventually coalesced into a big crowd with the intention of marching to State House.

Tensions built up even more after the police blocked the group near Msimbazi police station in Kariakoo as the protestors attempted to make their way to Ikulu.   

Business came to a standstill in many parts of Kariakoo as most shops remained closed and traders vacated the busy section of the city for fear that they might get caught up in the kind of religious clashes that have rocked Dar es Salaam and Zanzibar this week.

According to leaflets distributed in Temeke, Kinondoni and Kariakoo, the demonstrators were making their feelings known about the desecration of the Quran and the arrest of the chairman of the Council of Islamic Organisations, Sheikh Panda Issa Ponda.

They were also demanding answers on the disappearance on Tuesday of Sheikh Sheikh Farid Hadi Ahmed, the leader of the Association of Islamic Mobilization and Propagation, popularly known as Uamsho.

Fliers at the scene suggested that President Kikwete was on the side of Christians after he visited churches that were destroyed last Friday by angry Muslim youths who were protesting at the 14-year-old’s action.

The drama began after he got into argument with his Muslim friend, who said the holy book had the powers to turn any one who defiled it into a snake or he would go mad. “The President is defending Christians,” said one demonstrator. “We all witnessed when he visited churches and consoled the kafir who defiled our book.”

Minor confrontations were reported in Mtambani mosque in Kinondoni and Kichangani mosque in Magomeni but they did not last long after police intervened. A police helicopter hovered over parts of the city to beef up security. At least 50 people were arrested in the fracas.

Relative calm returned Kariakoo around 4pm yesterday but security was still tight as darkness dark fell.
Before the soldiers were called in yesterday, Dar es Salaam Special Police Zone Commander Suleiman Kova told a local radio that the TPDF would be deployed if the situation remained tense.

Spots check by our representertive indicated tight security at Saint Karoli Lwanga church in Yombo Dovya. Priest, nuns and other workers had to leave after they received threats that youths would invade the church after Friday prayers.

Zanzibar still tense

In the meantime, reports from Zanzibar said violent clashes continued for the second day yesterday. One person was shot dead by police at midnight on Thursday.

M2S leant that Salum Hassan Muhoja, 30 and a resident of Regeza Mwendo on the outskirts of Zanzibar, was shot dead near Amaan as he passed by a bar and guest house destroyed during Thursday’s clashes. Police fired live bullets and teargas canisters as they confronted scores of youths demanding the release of Sheik Hadi Ahamed, whom they believe is in the police hands.

Meanwhile, there are mounting fears that the violence could get out of control—and eventually pose a threat to national security and stability.


President Dr. Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete was greeted by the RC of Kinondoni District Hon Jordan Rugimbana Saturday October 20th 2012  at the International Airport of Julius Nyerere once he arrived from a four-day official visit in Oman.

Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete, President of Tanzania, left the Sultanate on Friday after a several-day official visit during which he was received by His Majesty Sultan Qaboos Bin Said.

Kikwete was seen off by HE Yousuf Bin Alawi Bin Abdullah, Minister Responsible for Foreign Affairs, HE Eng. Ali Bin Masoud Al Sunaidy, Minister of Commerce and Industry, HE Yahia Bin Mousa Al Bakri, the Sultanate’s Ambassador accredited to Tanzania, and members of the Tanzanian embassy in the Sultanate.

The Tanzanian president was accompanied by Bernard Kamillius Membe, Minister for Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, professor Sospeter Muhongo, Minister for Energy and Mineral Resources, Dr Abdallah Kigoda, Minister for Trade and Industry, Dr William Mgimwa. Minister for Finance, Haroun Ali Suliman, Minister of Labour, Cooperation and Economic Development in Zanzibar, HE Dr Ali Ahmed Saleh, Tanzanian Ambassador to the Sultanate, and a number of Tanzanian officials.


Erick Luwongo Mratibu wa Katiba wa Asasi ya HAKI-MADINI

KONGAMANO la ndani lililoandaliwa na Asasi isiyo ya kiserikali ya Community Right Development Organization (HAKI-MADINI) Ijumaa Septemba 21, 2012, kwa ajili ya kuwajengea uwezo wanahabari kuhusiana na mambo mbalimbali ya Katiba mpya hususan maliasilia limeibua mjadala mzito.

Haki-Madini inayojishugulisha na uchechemuaji pamoja na  uzengezi (ushawishi na utetezi) wa wachimbaji wadogo huku wakiwa wamejikita katika kuwajengea uwezo watanzania hao.


Kauli za mchokoza mada iliyotolewa na Erick Luwongo mratibu wa Katiba wa Asasi ya HAKI-MADINI uliainisha mapungufu kadhaa ambayo yasipofanyiwa kazi katika katiba ijayo haitaweza kukidhi haja na kuitwa Katiba ya Watanzania.

Mbali na Erick Luwongo washiriki mbalimbali walioudhuria kongamano hilo wengi wao wakiwa wanahabari pamoja na wanasheria kutoka maeneo yanayoizunguka Arusha waliiasa serikali kuboresha mchakato unaoendelea wa kukusanya maoni ya wananchi ili kuliwezesha taifa kupata katiba yenye hadhi ya kuitwa ya watazania.


Miongoni wa hoja zilizojitokeza katika kongamano hilo la katiba lililofanyika kwenye hoteli ya SG Resort katikati ya jiji la Arusha zililenga katika maeneo makuu ya mali asilia, sheria mpya ya marekebisho ya Katiba na muungano.

Luwongo ndiye aliyepata muda mrefu wa kuainisha mapungufu yanayoonekana katika mchakato unaoendelea hususan sheria iliyopitishwa ambayo anasema inaipa mamlaka makubwa tume ya katiba na kuwanyima fursa wananchi ambao ndiyo walengwa wakuu katika mchakato huu.

Tofauti na makongamano mengine, Luwongo aliwasilisha hoja ambayo inahusu mali asilia na kuonyesha namna katiba inavyo waacha watanzania wazawa pembeni bila kuonyesha watafaidika vipi na rasilimali hizo.

“Ibara ya 27 kifungu cha kwanza katika katiba ya  Jamuhuri ya muungano wa Tanzania imebainisha wazi kuwa kila mtu anayo haki na wajibu wa kulinda mali asilia lakini haijaweka wazi walinde vipi na watafaidika na nini kwa ulinzi wao” alibainisha Luwongo.

Hapa ndipo kuna tatizo kubwa, Serikali imejiweka pembeni na kuchukuwa jukumu la kuwa mtumiaji na huku ikimuacha huyu mlindaji (mwananchi) bila faida yoyote kwa kazi yake ya ulinzi, alifafanua Luwongo.

Jovita Mlay mwanaharakati mwenye taaluma ya sheria alipopata nafasi ya kuchangia aliikosoa serikali kwa tabia yake ya kila mara yanapojitokeza matatizo mazito katika suala la muungano, watawala hufikiria njia ya mkato ili kuziba midomo ya watu wanaohoji au wanaokosoa, ndiyo maana mwaka jana chini ya sheria ya marekebisho ya Katiba kuna kifungu kinachozuia uhuru wa kujadili muungano alisema.

Sheria hiyo inataka wananchi wajadili kwa lengo la kuboresha tu muungano. Kwa lugha nyingine, wale wenye maoni tofauti watakuwa wanajisumbua kutoa maoni kwa mtazamo tofauti na muundo wa serikali mbili.

Washiriki walikumbushwa kuwa Rais wa kwanza na Baba wa Taifa Mwalimu Julius Nyerere alipokuwa anazima madai ya wabunge 55 mwaka 1994 ambao walikuja kujulikana kama G55 baada ya kuanzisha mchakato wa kudai Tanganyika alisema “wote wanaotaka Tanganyika kwanza watoke CCM maana muungano wa serikali mbili ni sera ya chama hicho tawala”.

Wakati sheria inakataza wananchi kuhoji muungano wa serikali mbili au inakataza kujadili kwa mtazamo tofauti, maelfu ya watu wanahudhuria mikutano inayoitishwa na kikundi cha Uamsho chenye msimamo mkali dhidi ya muungano.

Nilipojipa kazi ya uchunguzi wa mikutano ya jumuiya hiyo na hata ninaposoma habari za mihadhara yao, maelfu ya watu wanaohudhuria mikutano wakiulizwa kama wanataka muungano uendelee au uvunjwe, sauti husikika zikisema Uvunjwe.”

Hawa ni Wazanzibari. Hawa hawapaswi kupuuzwa kwa mbinu za sheria, tishio la kufungwa au adhabu nyingine yoyote.

Serikali inataka isikie sauti za watu gani  ili ikubali kuwa umefika wakati wa kutoa fursa watu watoe dukuduku zao? Si tuliambiwa kuwa muundo wa muungano wa serikali mbili ni sera ya CCM, sasa kwa nini sera ya CCM inalindwa kwa sheria? alihoji Amani Mustafha mkurugenzi wa asasi ya Haki-Madini

Kwa majibu hayo, vyama vingine vyote havifungwi na sera hiyo. Sera ya Chama cha Wananchi (CUF) na hata Chama cha Demokrasia na Maendeleo (CHADEMA) ni muungano wa mfumo wa serikali tatu.

Kama muungano ni wa serikali basi waachiwe watawala wafanye wanavyotaka. Ila kama muungano unawahusu watu wapewe fursa ya kuujadili kama tunavyojadili maeneo mengine tunayosema yamepitwa na wakati. kwa wengine muungano huu umepitwa na wakati.

Tume zote zilizoundwa na marais waliopita na hasa ile Tume ya Jaji Robert Kisanga (1999), japo haikupewa hadidu za rejea kujadili muungano, walioulizwa walitaka Zanzibar yao.

“Kwa hiyo, sheria iliyowekwa leo kuzuia watu kuujadili kwa uhuru ni woga wa watawala kuonekana wao wamevunja muungano huo” alisema Mwandishi nguli Abiba Suedi.

Pamoja na Mchakato kupitia hatua nyingi na kusimamiwa na chma tawala lakini lililo wazi ni katiba mpya siyo ajenda ya chama tawala kwa kuwa haiko katika ilani yao. Rais Jakaya Kikwete aliamua kuiweka baada ya kuona huitaji wa watanzania.

Rais alitumia maneno yaliyowapa furaha watu kwamba watapata katiba mpya wakati yeye alikuwa na maana ya kufanyia marekebisho. “Tutahuisha katiba iliyopo,” alinukuliwa akisema. Hii ina maana kuipa uhai, kwa lugha ya kingereza ni Kurenew.

Elimu kwa wananchi, Haki ya kugawana na kutolea maamuzi mali asilia zetu pamoja na  haki kwa wanawake bila kusahau tulipotoka tulipo sasa na tunapokwenda ni baadhi ya mambo muhimu ya kuzingatiwa katika mchakato wa katiba mpya, ni jukumu letu sote kushiriki katika mchakato huu hili tupate katiba inayostahili kuitwa ya watanzania.

Makala hii pia ilitoka kwenye Gazeti la TAZAMA Tolea Na, 520



Iranian oil tankers are mistakenly signaling their flag state as Tanzania-Zanzibar and no such registration took place, according to a government official from the east African territory.

The 14 ships, previously registered in the Pacific island of Tuvalu, transmitted data from Sept. 24 to Oct. 13 to show they changed their names and were flying the Tanzania-Zanzibar flag, according to data compiled by a unit of Englewood, Colorado-based IHS (IHS) Inc. The company maintains a global shipping database for the United Nations’ maritime agency.

“This must be a mistake,” Abdullah Kombo, director of planning, policy and research at Zanzibar’s Ministry of Infrastructure and Communications, said by phone Oct. 15. The following day he forwarded confirmation from his country’s ship registry that the vessels aren’t entitled to fly the flag.

Iranian tankers have been switching flag states as the U.S. and European Union tighten sanctions on the country over its nuclear program. The EU banned imports of the Middle East nation’s oil in July under legislation that also prohibited any vessel insured in the 27-country bloc from carrying the crude. Zanzibar, a semi-autonomous part of the United Republic of Tanzania, said Aug. 10 it would stop registering Iranian vessels, and Tuvalu announced the same decision six days later.

Pension Funds

The tankers are operated by Tehran-based NITC, which says it is owned by Iranian pension funds. Three phone calls and an e-mail on Oct. 16 and 17 to Habib-ullah Seyedan, NITC’s commercial director, weren’t returned. NITC Chairman Hamid Behbahani didn’t respond to phone calls or an e-mail yesterday. Three calls to NITC’s switchboard weren’t answered.

Nine of the tankers are going to Asia, according to the signals. One is in the Mediterranean heading for Turkey and the others are returning to the Persian Gulf. Nine of the vessels have depths in the water that indicate they may have cargoes on board. Eleven are very large crude carriers, each able to haul about 2 million barrels of oil.

Merchant ships transmit data such as location, destination, name and flag state through so-called automatic identification systems, designed to avoid collisions with other vessels and improve safety at sea. IHS maintains the database with information from ship registries, signals from carriers, classification societies and other sources, said Richard Hurley, a senior maritime data specialist at the Redhill, England-based IHS Fairplay unit.

Iranian Exports

The concentration of the maritime insurance industry in Europe means the EU sanctions extend to about 95 percent of the global tanker fleet. That leaves Iran, once OPEC’s second- largest producer, more reliant than ever on its own vessels to export crude. Shipments probably averaged 1.2 million barrels a day so far this month, compared with about 2.4 million in 2011, according to data compiled by Bloomberg through Oct. 15.

NITC switched at least 10 tankers to Tanzania-Zanzibar from registries in Cyprus and Malta before the EU sanctions began July 1, IHS data show. Those ships are no longer registered and no new Iranian tankers have been added since then, Kombo said. The Tanzania Zanzibar International Register of Shipping manages the flagging of Zanzibar’s ships.

The 14 Iranian carriers now signaling Tanzania-Zanzibar as their flag state are listed on the Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons List of the U.S. Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control. That freezes assets and bars U.S. citizens from dealing with them. Each vessel appears under its International Maritime Organization number, a six-digit identifier assigned to ships for life by the UN agency.

Carriers have no obligation under IMO rules to signal flag states through the AIS system, Lee Adamson, a spokesman for the London-based agency, wrote in an e-mail Oct. 17. Mistakes usually result from operator error, particularly with newly installed equipment, Adamson said.

While the U.S. and EU say Iran’s nuclear research is a cover for developing atomic weapons, the government in Tehran contends it is for civilian purposes.


BREAKING News!!! It now clear that there is continuing violence at Kariakoo areas where some Muslims are marching towards the Kidongo Chekundu and the police are using tear gas to prevent demonstrations. The situation has been volatile and the police are forced to use Helicopter to prevent such violence that pose potential threats to peace in Dar es Salaam.





Citizens who are living in Magomeni areas in Dar, early they wetness military vehicles which were carrying armed soldiers passing as they were going to  Kariakoo street.

M2S have been informed that Magomeni at Kichangani street things have currently stabilized  after police used tear gas and water cannons to disperse crowd That Had taken part in demonstrations. Police are now seen  at the mosque entrance. in Kichangani Street.






Police arrest one of the demonstrators demanding the release of Muslim cleric Issa Ponda, in Dar es Salaam PHOTO BY DAIRY NEWS

THERE was tension in Dar es Salaam and Zanzibar on Wednesday as police used tear gas and water cannons to disperse crowds that had taken part in demonstrations to demand the release of several Muslim activists.

In Dar es Salaam, police officers deployed heavily in the Central Business District for the better part of Wednesday afternoon in a bid to keep at bay protesters who attempted to march to the Central Police Station in the city.

The protesters were demanding the release of the Secretary of the Council of Muslims’ Organizations, Mr Ponda Issa Ponda who was arrested on Tuesday.

In Zanzibar, young protesters demanded to know the whereabouts of the leader of the Islands Imam Organization Sheikh Farid Hadi Ahmed, who disappeared in suspicious circumstances on Tuesday. No injuries were reported, although police arrested scores of youths.

A police officer at the Central Police Station, who spoke on condition of anonymity as he was not the official spokesperson, said that four people were arrested when they defied police orders instructing them to disperse peacefully.

“We had to use tear gas and water cannons to disperse them after they refused to heed our orders,” said the police officer. In both situations, calm returned after police dispersed the crowds.

Dar es Salaam Special Zone Police Commander, Mr Suleiman Kova told a news conference yesterday that Mr Ponda was arrested allegedly for instigating chaos and breaching peace in the city. Mr Ponda was arrested in a special operation which lasted 90 minutes.

“He (Ponda) was arrested at around 10:30 pm, in Temeke District…riding a motorcycle to his hiding place,” he said, adding that the suspect was apprehended after falling into a trap set by the police. Mr Kova warned all the members of Council of Islamic Organization to refrain from organizing unnecessary demonstrations in the country.

“We will not spare anybody this time. We are well organized and prepared to tackle any chaos in the city,” he said, adding that enough is enough for Ponda. Mr Kova said that Ponda’s organization, which is operating illegally has been acting contrary to the law by interfering with court orders.

Mr Ponda is also accused of leading a group of Muslims believed to be members of Council of Islamic Organization into organizing and carrying out illegal demonstrations that caused chaos in the city. Mr Ponda, according to Police, is said to have led a group of Muslims into invading plot No.311/3/4 owned by Agritanza Company, which legally bought the property from the National Muslims Council – Bakwata.

Mr Ponda claims that the plot still belongs to Muslims as procedures for its acquisition were violated. Thirty-nine people have since been arrested in connection with the chaos. Ponda is also accused of having offended President Jakaya Kikwete by issuing an ultimatum following the arrest of some Muslim youths believed to be members of his organization.

The youths were arrested last Friday for causing chaos at Mbagala in the city. The youths suspected to have caused the violence were protesting over the defilement of the Quran by a 14-year-old boy in the area.

According to police, Ponda is suspected to have led the youths and other Muslims in carrying out the protest causing chaos in the area.

In Zanzibar, according to police reports, Ahmed, who is also known as an anti-union crusader, went missing at around 11.00 pm on Tuesday night when unidentified people driving in a car stopped and successfully asked him to get in and disappeared with him to yet unidentified destination.

Acting Urban/West Regional Police Commander (RPC), Mr Said Juma confirmed this to the ‘Daily News’ saying: “We received reports from the leader of the Muslim Mobilization and Propagation Group (UAMSHO) Sheik Msellem Ally that Ahmed was missing.”

“Msellem reported the matter at around 12.30 pm today (yesterday) and we took the issue seriously. Immediately we started to investigate,” he said.

He added: “Unfortunately as the investigation continues, youths started demonstrating by blocking streets with stones, garbage and burning tyres. They have also set fire to the Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM) leisure centre at Mwembe-Kisonge and other areas before fire fighters managed to put it out.”

The RPC said that Farid was not in police custody and that they were working with UAMSHO leaders to find him, as a considerable number of riot police tried to maintain order in the streets.

The unrest caused panic leading to the closure of all shops at Darajani shopping area. Many parents and teachers complained that the disorder and police teargas affected students sitting Form IV national examinations in schools close to Darajani.

Meanwhile, the United Nations has called for restraint among Tanzanians following the recent skirmishes in Mbagala that resulted in the burning of several churches. “Tanzania is a peaceful country that no one could expect to see such a thing happening,” said the UN Resident Coordinator for Tanzania, Mr Alberic Kacou.

There is a need to respect everyone’s faith, dignity and right,” he said, adding that properties and churches destruction was not a proper way to address the problems



Mwanza — THE Tanzania Chamber of Commerce, Industries and Agriculture (TCCIA) has urged local business community to utilize opportunities to actively participate in the East African Community trade.

The TCCIA Chairperson, Daniel Machemba, said that it was imperative for business people to make effective use of available opportunities so as to survive competition in the region. The chairperson was speaking when opening a one-day workshop that deliberated matters related to improving trade flow within the East African Community.

The workshop was funded by the Centre for Development Enterprise (CDP) and its fundamental objective was to inculcate public awareness on business related matters among small and medium business community. Mr Machemba said that most small and medium enterprises do not know the meaning of EAC protocol and matters related to the East African Community.

He said, for example, Kenyans make use of these opportunities because Tanzanians lack experience in doing business. Presenting a paper during the workshop, the facilitator, Mr Kalua Simba, said that TCCIA is aimed at empowering small and medium entrepreneurs with knowledge of trading. Mr Simba showed concern over Mwanza Region for failing to produce and export more as the region can benefit from the EAC protocol than other regions.



POLICE in Zanzibar have launched a manhunt for people who killed their colleague on Thursday following two days of unrest here.

The chaos erupted after a Muslim cleric, Sheikh Farid Hadi Ahmed, went missing. “We are hunting for the culprits who killed Corporal Said Abdulrahman of the Field Force Unit (FFU).

At the same time we are looking for the missing Farid,” said the Zanzibar Police Commissioner, Mr Mussa Ali Mussa, here on Thursday. He said that the late Abdulrahman was riding a motorbike (Vespa) from his duty station at Stone Town, heading for his home in Bububu when he got attacked.

“But just before he reached home he met a roadblock manned by youths who swiftly ambushed him with machetes and other crude weapons killing him instantly. The deceased’s head was almost chopped off. His fingers were cut off.” Police blame the youths, most of whom are followers of the ‘Muslim Mobilization and Propagation Group (UAMSHO) over the killing of the policeman.

The incident follows a spate of lawlessness in many parts of Unguja Islands, which have spread to nearby villages. The Urban West Acting Regional Police Commander (RPC), Mr Said Juma, informed the ‘Daily News’ that four more police officers were injured when they attempted to put down the protest in Zanzibar yesterday. “Very young youths between the ages of 10 and 17 are involved in the unrest.

They place rocks, cut down trees and set tyres on fire to block roads. They escape and hide in narrow streets when riot police approach,” said the RPC. He added that the operation involving the Zanzibar special units had been extended to the suburbs.

Until Thursday the police and the Minister of State (Responsible for Police Work), Mr Mohammed Aboud Mohammed denied knowing the whereabouts of Farid. They appealed to people with reliable information to come forward and help with the police search. He went missing on Tuesday night at Mazizini area. The police commissioner said that the unrest has paralyzed activities in the town centre, including schools.

He said several cars (both government and private) were damaged, roads got littered with burning tyres and at least two Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM) leisure centres (Maskani) and one bar were torched. In a separate press conference, legislators from CCM condemned the unrest in Zanzibar demanding the Inspectors General of Police (IGP), Mr Said Mwema and the police Commissioner in the islands, Mr Mussa, to resign.

“The on-going unrest in Zanzibar is unacceptable. The government has not done enough and the police have proved weak in responding to the riots. We ask the IGP and the Zanzibar commissioner to step down,” CCM members said in a joint statement read by Mr Hamza Hassan Juma (CCM – Kwamtipura). A group of about 20 CCM legislators’ backbenchers decided to boycott the morning session of the on-going House of Representatives yesterday to protest the unrest and also press Dr Ali Mohamed Shein’s government to improve security.

“The government and the police have shown weaknesses. We are witnessing maximum violation of human rights including harassments to children by thugs who terrorize them without fear,” Hamza said. CCM have also reiterated their call to the Ministry of Constitution and Legal Affairs to delete from the list of NGOs UAMSHO, saying it has lost its qualification of being a religious association.

In another development, the Civic United Front (CUF) has appealed for calm among its members and called for the government to expedite the manhunt for perpetrators of the violence and tracing the missing Ahmed. A statement released by the party’s Acting Deputy Secretary General (Zanzibar) Mr Salim Biman here on Thursday, condemned the killing of the policeman and noted that the violence was uncalled for as it only succeeded in tarnishing the good image of Zanzibar.



KAGERA Sugar made a remarkable comeback to hold Mainland Champions Simba to a 2-2 draw in a closely contested Premier League match at the National Stadium in Dar es Salaam on Wednesday.

Simba will live to remember two minutes of madness when substitute Themi Felix and Salum Kanoni cancelled Simba’s 2-0 advantage courtesy of Felix Sunzu’s first half header and Mrisho Ngasa second half strike.

However, Simba maintained their lead in the table with 18 points after their closest challengers Azam FC also failed to collect maximum points against Prisons in Mbeya.

The match ended 0-0. After threatening on a couple of occasions, Simba notched the opener in the 8th minute through Zambian striker, Felix Sunzu, who headed home a cross by winger, Mrisho Ngasa, from the right. Kagera managed to push upfront after conceding the goal but could hardly make the most of the few chances they created.

In one of Kagera’s best chances, Nigerian striker, Darlington Enyinna, failed to head in a well measured cross by overlapping right fullback, Salum Kanoni, from the right. Simba went close midway when Sunzu’s header off a cross by right fullback, Nassor Masoud ‘Chollo’ went inches wide off the right post.

Despite Kagera having tried hard to press for an equalizer whenever they were in possession, lack of better coordination between strikers, Enyinna and Shija Mkina was the biggest letdown. There was another close chance by Simba when midfielder, Haruna Moshi, failed to properly connect a good cross by Ngasa from the left.

Kagera, too continued to put pressure and could have levelled matters shortly before half time, had one of their strikers managed to head in a cross from the right. That left Simba lead by the lone goal at the breather. Simba went on rampage right after the beginning of the second half, in which Sunzu had two chances in front of Kagera goal but he failed to convert them.

The Msimbazi Reds were then 2-0 up in the 51st minute when Ngasa banged in a controversial goal after outpacing Kagera defenders. Kagera players and their technical bench however, strongly disputed the goal as they felt one of their defenders had made a timely goal line clearance. Referee Ronald Swai, though, stood to his ground and allowed the goal.


Enyinna had earlier wasted a glorious chance when he headed wide as he connected a good cross by Kanoni. Themi Felix, who scored the winning goal against Yanga in Kagera, was introduced in the second half and pressure mounted on Simba. It took Felix just three minutes to score, when he pulled one back in the 53rd minute with a clinical finish. Felix out jumped defenders inside the box and headed in a cross by Kanoni from the left.

Two minutes later, Kagera were awarded a penalty after Paul Ngwai was bundled down in the area by defender Juma Nyoso. Salum Kanoni, on loan from Simba stepped up and made no mistake, sending keeper Juma Kaseja the wrong way. Kagera were a rejuvenated side thereafter, as they pressured their opponents relentlessly.

In Mbeya Prisons and Azam FC fought to a barren draw at the Sokoine Stadium. The match well handled by referee Andrew Shamba from Coast Region, reports Joachim Nyambo.

In Morogoro John Nditi reports that host Polisi Morogoro continued with their poor form in the league after succumbing to a 2-0 defeat by JKT Ruvu at the Jamhuri Stadium. Jimmy Shoji close range in the 26th minute put JKT Ruvu ahead before Jacob Mambia made it 2-0 three minutes before the break. In Tanga hosts Mgambo JKT thrashed Toto Africans 2-0.



ARUSHA — Maasai tribesmen from Loita clan in Loliondo Division of Ngorongoro District have expressed concern that a rival clan has been armed and has asked the government to investigate the matter.

A representative of Enguserosambu ward, Mr Kaigil Ngukwo and the councillor for Arash ward, Mr Mathew Siloma, said in Arusha yesterday that they have noted a rival clan, Batemi (Sonjo) communities have recently been armed with modern weapons. The rivals have been fighting for over four decades now.

The two leaders were accompanied by 20 other villagers. They called for total solution to their problem, claiming their families were living in fear and uncertainty.

They observed that during a recent exchange between the Loita Maasai and the Sonjo, bazookas were used to destroy Maasai houses in Loliondo when the Sonjo were trying to force them out of their land on the pretext that they are originally from Kenya.

The major cause of conflicts among the two ethnic groups is battle for land because the Maasai are naturally nomadic livestock grazers, while the Sonjos are mixed farmers who grow crops and keep livestock, in addition to hunting.

“We therefore want the government to make the ultimate announcement, are we Kenyans or Tanzanians, because while we keep calm despite attacks from Sonjo, the district authorities do not seem to care that the Maasai are being killed,” said Mr Ngukwo.

On his part, Mr Siloma said the Maasai outnumber the Sonjos at the ratio of one-to-ten, but aided by advanced weapons, the Loitas are no match to their rival.

“You know this Sonjo and Maasai affair needs high level of diplomacy,” stated the Ngorongoro District Commissioner, Mr Elias Wawa Lali, explaining that he had already formed special teams to follow up the situation.

“The teams have just finished their week-long probe in the villages occupied by the Loita Maasai and today (Tuesday) were moving into Sale, to speak with the Batemi (Sonjo), before we can eventually sit and see how the ultimate conflicts resolution can be reached,” said Mr Wawa Lali.

The district commissioner was not ready to comment on the claims that some Sonjos working in the army were supplying arms to their clansmen in Sale.

Other residents of Ngorongoro, however, explained that during the reign of Somali bandits in Loliondo and Sale, the aliens had shipped in various weapons from the horn of Africa and many of them were still in the precinct, because the Somalis left them behind during their flight from the area in 2001.



THE government has announced that all new oil and gas discoveries will be declared in public by the government and not by investors or any other party.

Deputy Minister for Energy and Minerals, George Simbachawene said in Dar es Salaam that the move was taken in order to protect the rights of the country in the light of a move by the government to put in place a gas policy.

He was speaking during the Media Editors Roundtable Dialogue hosted by the city-based NGO Agenda Participation 2000 which dwelled on the theme “Natural Resource Boom, Corruption and State Capture in Africa a case of Tanzania. How can Tanzania unleash its potential growth as a Pole for East Africa’s growth.”

“While we aim to ensure maximum transparency and accountability, we have moved a step ahead where we have to ensure the country benefits fully from these treasures especially gas. In doing so investors are not allowed to publicize their exploration findings. It is the government that will do so,” he said.

The Deputy Minister said that in the existing contracts, Tanzania has 70 per cent stake in all gas and oil exploration deals and that it is taking all necessary precautions over the possibility of some investors inflating the exploration costs before commencement of production.

He appealed for editors to make sure only stories from authentic sources on the gas and oil exploration development are published in their media outlets. He cautioned over misleading reports.

The deputy minister mentioned an example where one media house reported that the largest amount of gas discovered so far has already been sold to foreigners. In fact, so far only one source of gas has been developed out of the 26 discovered.

Mr Simbachawene noted that Tanzania cannot develop oil and gas alone since development needs a huge capital, high skills and technology.

He further noted that capitalism was leading the world economy and therefore it was almost impossible for Tanzania to run the oil and gas sector without involving the world’s economy which is capitalism driven.

According to the deputy minister, in a capitalism driven economy, capital is the key factor. “Between 1.2m USD and 1.5m USD is needed per day in exploration activities and the exploration may take up to 10 years. So, we cannot risk such investment,” he observed.

Stakeholders, however, observed that more should be done to ensure the country’s maximum benefits of its natural resources like gas and oil.

Prof Max Mmuya of the University of Dar es Salaam advised state actors and policy makers to pay maximum attention and take care of the valuable natural resources found in the country.

“It seems we don’t have control of our own resources and don’t even know the value of the resources that we possess. We should be serious and take maximum care on that area straight away,” he said.

One of the editors, Mr Richard Mgamba, insisted on the need for journalists to be empowered in order to extensively report on the development and the challenges facing the energy sector particularly the gas and oil industry.

He was supported by the Executive Director of the Tanzania Media Fund (TMF), Mr Ernest Sungura, who advocated for the media to give coverage on extractive industry a high priority.

But on his side, Mr Mbaraka Islam blamed what he called political corruption, saying that if the vice was not eliminated it was hard for the country to record any benefits from oil and gas.